Desoille’s Method

Desoille’s Method

Let us follow Desoille’s method in all its apparent simplicity.

且讓我們遵照帖索爾極其簡單的方法。

Get rid of your cares. That would no doubt be the first piece of advice that a psychiatrist would give an anxious subject. But Desoille will not use this abstract formula. Instead, he will replace this very simple abstraction with a very simple image: sweep away your cares. But don’t limit yourself to words. Feel the gestures; visualize the images; pursue the life of the image.

除掉你的憂慮。毫無疑問,這將是第一件勸告,精神分析師給予憂慮的病患。但是帖索爾不採用這個抽象的公式。代替的,他使用一個非常簡單的影像來代替這個簡單的抽象公式:掃除你的憂慮。但是你不要僅限於用詞的不同。去感受一下掃除的姿態,想像一下影像,追求影像的生活。

To do this, we must give the imagination “ control over the broom.” Become homo faber, which is that this poor sweeper is when faced with a very monotonous task! Little by little you will come to participate in his dreams, in his rhythmic reverie. What do you have to sweep away? Cares or scruples? You will not take quite the same sweep of the broom in the two instances.

為了如此做,我們必須想像一下如何「控制掃把」。你要成為具有創意的人,也就是當一位掃除者面臨單調的工作時,必須要能苦中作樂。漸漸地你將參與他的夢想,他的韻律般的幻想。你有什麼必須要掃除的?憂慮還是顧慮?兩種不同的狀況,你揮動掃把的方式就是大不相同。

You will sense the dialectics of scrupulosity and resolution come into play. But what slows down your soul—perhaps simply the roses of a faded love? Then work slowly and realize that the dream is over. How well your dying melancholy dies! How well your past passes! Soon your task will be over and you will be able to breathe again, with a collected soul, at peace, a little enlightened, unburdened, and free!

你會感受到顧慮跟決心的辯證法正在運作。是什麼使你的靈魂躊躇?是唯恐愛情的玫瑰會枯萎?那麼慢慢地思維,你會體會到這個夢想已經消失。你的憂鬱消散得多麼快!你的往事將飄散如煙!不久你就大功告成,你將能夠再揚眉吐氣,回神過來,心平氣和,若有所悟,心無牽掛一身輕。

This very small, imaged-filled psychoanalysis delegates to images the task of the terrible psychoanalyst. Let “ everyone sweep his area” and we will no longer need indiscreet help. Anonymous images are here given the responsibility of curing our personal images. Images cure images; reverie cures memory.

這個微小的充滿影像的精神分析學,將可怕的精神分析師的工作指派給影像。每個人「各掃門前雪」,我們就不再需要人家幫什麼倒忙?匿名的影像在此被賦予治療影像的責任:影像治療影像;幻想治療回憶。

But perhaps it would be useful to have one more example. Desoille also uses the “ ragpicker’s way” successfully. It is more analytical than the “ sweeper’s way.” It is good for getting rid of cares that are somewhat more conscious than the thousand vague or poorly formulated problems that can be merely “ swept away.”

但是再多舉個例子可能會更清楚。帖索爾也很成功地使用「撿破爛法」。這個方法比「掃除法」更具有分析性。若是你要除掉的憂慮是更加意識狀態的,而不僅僅是那一大堆模糊,掃之即去的難言之隱。

Desoille counsels the subject who is bothered by a specific concern to put it with all the others in the ragpicker’s bag, in the sack that he carries behind his back. This is in keeping with the very expressive and effective gesture of the hand that throws everything it scorns behind the back.

帖索爾勸導受到明確困擾的病患將所有煩惱全都丟棄在「撿破爛」袋中,置於他攜帶於背後的的包囊。就像是大手一揮,生動而有效地將他所藐視的一切,一概置若罔聞。

Some will object that this gesture is only vain pretense, that the person frees himself only on a deeper and more personal level. But they forget that we are dealing with psyches that cannot decide to make up their minds and who do not listen to rational rebukes. We can have an effect on tem only if we begin with imaged behavior. We give them gestures of freedom precisely because we have confidence in the collective nature of a psychology of behavior that is formulated according to elemental images.

有人反對說,這種姿態只是虛張聲勢,這種作法只是在個人內心深處自行了斷地解脫。但是他們忘了,我們所正在處理的對象,正猶豫拿不定主意,又不願意傾聽理性的斥責。我們給他們解脫的姿態,完全是因為我們對於行為心理學的集體特性有信心,可以依照基本影像來說明。

P114

Air and Dream by Gaston Bachelard

Translated by Springhero 雄伯

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