Identification 92

Identification 92

Jacques Lacan
雅克 拉康

(21) It remains nonetheless that what this makes tangible, is
that from the point of view of the required space, these two
spaces: the inside and the outside, from the moment that we
refuse to give them any substance other than a topological one,
are the same. This is what you will see expressed in the
sentence that the ……….. already indicate, in the Rome report,
the use that I counted on making of it for you, namely that the
property of the ring in so far as it symbolises the function of
the subject in his relationships to the Other depends on the fact
that his inside space and his outside space are the same:
starting from there the subject constructs his outside space on
the model of the irreducibility of his inside space.

问题仍然是,这个基模具体表的的东西,从被要求的空间的观点,这两个空间:内部与外部,从我们拒绝给予它们任何物质,除了拓扑图形的物质。内部与外部是相同的。这就是你们将会看见被表达在这个句子里:“the ,,,”已经指示的,在罗马报告那篇,我依靠对于它的使用跟你们表达。换句话说,这个环圈的属性,因为它象征主体的功能,跟大他者的关系,它依靠这个事实,他的内部的空间与外部的空间是相同的:从那里开始,主体建构他的外表空间,以他的内部空间的无法化简作为模式。

But what this schema shows clearly, is the lack of ideal harmony
which might be required between the object and the demand,
between the demand and the object, an illusion which is
sufficiently demonstrated by experience, I think, for us to have
experienced the need to construct this necessary model of their
necessary discordance. We know the source of this, and of
course, if I seem to be advancing only slowly believe me: no
stagnation is too much, if we want to assure ourselves of the
next steps. What we already know, and what is intuitively
represented here, is that the object itself as such, qua object
of desire, is the effect of the impossibility of the Other to
respond to demand.


This is what is seen here manifestly in this
sense that, whatever may be his desire, the Other cannot suffice
for the aforesaid demand, that he necessarily leaves open the
(22) greater part of the structure, in other words that the
subject is not enveloped, as is believed, in the all, that at the
level at least of, the subject who speaks the Umwelt does not
envelop his Innenwelt;


that if there was something to be done to
imagine the subject in relation to the ideal sphere, always the
intuitive and mental model of the structure of a cosmos, it would
be rather that the subject would be, if I may allow myself to
push it, to exploit for you – but you see that there is more than
one way of doing it – my intuitive image, it would be to
represent the subject by the existence of a hole in the aforesaid
sphere and his supplement by two sutures.


Let us suppose the subject to be constituted
on a cosmic sphere. The surface of an
infinite sphere is a plane: the plane of the
blackboard prolonged indefinitely.
Here is the subject, a quadrangular hole,
like the general configuration of my skin
earlier, but this time in the negative.


I stitch one edge to the other, but with this
condition that they are the two opposite
edges, that I leave the two other edges free.
From this there results the following figure:
(23) namely, with the void filled in here, two holes which remain
in the sphere of infinite surface. You have only to pull on each
of these edges of these two holes to constitute the subject on
the .infinite surface as constituted in short
by what is always a torus even if it has a
paunch of infinite radius, namely a handle
emerging at the surface of a plane.


This is what, at its maximum, the relationship of the subject
To the great All means at its maximum. We will see the applications
that we can make of it.


What is important to grasp here, is that for this overlapping
between the object and the demand if the imaginary Other thus
constituted in the inversion of the functions of the circle of
desire with that of demand, the Other as regards the satisfaction
of the desire of the subject must be defined as without power
(sans pouvoir).


I insist on this “without”, because with it
there emerges a new form of negation in which there is indicated
properly speaking the effects of frustration. Without is a
negation, but not an indifferent one: it is a liaison-negation
which is well materialised in the English tongue, by the
conformist homology of two relationships of the two signifiers:
within and without. It is a bound exclusion which already in
itself alone indicates its reversal.


(24) Let us take a further step, it is that of the “not without”
(pas sans). The Other is introduced of course into the naive
perspective of desire as without power, but essentially what
links him to the structure of desire is the “not without”.


He is
not either without power; this is why this Other whom we have
introduced qua metaphor in short of the unary trait, namely of
what we find at his level and what he replaces in an infinite
regression because it is the locus where there succeed one
another these l’s which are all different from one another, of
which the subject is only the metonymy, this Other as one – and
the play on words is part of the formula that I am employing here
to define the mode in which I introduced it – is rediscovered
once there is completed (bouclee) the necessity of the effects of
imaginary frustration as having this unique value, because it
alone is not without, not without power: it is posed as condition
at the possible origin of desire, even if this condition remains
in suspense.


For this it is like not one (comme pas un); it
gives to the (-1) of the subject another function which is
incarnated at first in this dimension, that this “like” situates
well enough for you as being that of metaphor.


It is at its
level, the level of the “like not one” and of everything which is
going to remain suspended from it subsequently, as what I have
called the absolute conditionality of desire, that we will have
to deal the next time, namely the level of the third term, of the
introduction of the act of desire as such, of its relationships
to the subject on the one hand at the root of this power, at the
rearticulation of the moments of this power, in so far as – as
you see – I shall have to go back over the not possible (pas
possible) to mark the path that has been completed by the
introduction of the terms power and without power. It is in so
(25) far as we will have to pursue this dialectic the next time
that I stop here today.



Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: