Identification 89

Identification 89

Jacques Lacan
雅克 拉康

14.3.62 XIII 158

The next step is centred – I could just as well not put in a
chapter heading here, I am doing it for didactic purposes – it is
that of frustration. It is at the level of frustration that
there is introduced with the Other the possibility for the
(15) subject of a essential new step.


The 1 of the unique all,
the 1 which distinguishes each repetition in its absolute
difference, does not come to the subject, even if its support is
nothing other than that of the real stroke, does not come from
any heaven, it comes from an experience constituted for the
subject with whom we have to deal, by the existence, before he
was born, of the universe of discourse, by the necessity that
this experience supposes the locus of the Other with a big 0 as I
have previously defined it.


It is here that the subject is going to conquer the essential,
what I called this second dimension, in so far as it is a radical
function of his own location in its structure if it is the case
that metaphorically, but not without claiming in this metaphor to
reach the very structure of the thing, we call this second
dimension a torus structure in so far as among all the others it
constitutes the existence of loops irreducible to a point, of
non-vanishing loops.


It is in the Other that there comes
necessarily to be incarnated this irreducibility of the two
dimensions in so far as, if it is tangible somewhere, it can only
be, because up to the present the subject is only for us the
subject in so far as he speaks, in the domain of the symbolic.
It is in the experience of the symbolic that the subject must
encounter the limitation of his displacements which makes him
enter at first into the experience of the high point, as I might
say, the irreducible angle of this duplicity of the two


This is how the schema of the torus is going to be of the
(16) greatest use to me – as you are going to see – by starting
from the experience so highly valued by psychoanalysis and the
observation that it gives rise to. The subject can attempt to
speak the object of his desire.


He does nothing but that. It is
more than an act of enunciating, it is an act of imagining. This
gives rise in him to a manoeuvre of the imaginary function and
this function necessarily reveals itself to be present once
frustration appears.


You know the importance, the accent that I
in the wake of others, specifically St Augustin, put on the
moment of the awakening of jealous passion in the constitution of
this type of object which is the very one that we have
constructed as underlying each of our satisfactions:


the little
child a prey to jealous passion before his brother who for him
makes arise in an image the possession of this object,
specifically the breast, which up to then was only the underlying
object elided, masked for him behind this return of a presence
linked to each of his satisfactions, which was in this rhythm
where there is inscribed, where there is sensed the necessity of
his first dependency, only the metonymical object of each one of
its returns; here it is suddenly produced for him in the
light with effects signaled for us by his mortal pallor, the
light of the something new which is desire: the desire of the
object as such in so far as it resonates to the very foundation
of the subject, that it shakes him well beyond his constitution
as satisfied or not, as suddenly menaced in his innermost being,
as revealing his fundamental lack, and this in the form of the
Other as bringing to light both metonymy and the loss it



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