Identification 76

Identification 76

认同

Jacques Lacan
雅克 拉康

7.3.62 XII 140

But why not see that in the structure of class itself as such a
new beginning is presented to us, if, for the relationship of
inclusion, we substitute a relationship of exclusion as the
radical support? In other words, if we consider as logically
original as regards the subject something that I am not
discovering, which is within the range of an average logician,
the fact is that the true foundation of class is neither its
extension nor its intension, that class always supposes
classification. In other words: mammals, for example to throw
some light immediately on what I mean are what are excluded from
vertebrates by the unary trait “mamma”.

但是你们为什么没有看见,在类别的结构自身,作为这样的结构,,有一个新的开始被呈现给我们。假如,为了包含的关系,我们用排除的关系,作为强烈的支持?换句话说,关于主体,假如我们将某件我并没有发现的东西,认为逻辑上是原创的。这个东西在一般的逻辑家的范围之内。事实是,分类别的真实的基础,既不是它的延伸,也不是它的内含,那个类别总是假定可以分类。换句话说,譬如,哺乳动物立刻让我们明白我的意思。凭借「妈妈」这个独异性特征,有什么动物从脊椎动物被排除?

What does that mean? That means that the primal fact is that the
unary trait can be lacking, that there is first of all the
absence of the mamma and that one says: it cannot be that the
mamma is missing, here is what constitutes the mammal class.

那是什么意思?那意味着,原初的事实是,独异性有时是欠缺的。首先,这个“妈妈”的缺席,我们会说:不可能没有“妈妈”。那就是构成“妈妈”这个类别的原因。

Look carefully at things when you really push them, namely open
the treatises and go through these thousand little aporias that
formal logic puts before you and you will see that it is the only
(12) possible definition of a class, if you really want to
guarantee it its universal status in so far as it constitutes
also from one side the possibility of its possible inexistence
with this class.

请你们仔细观看这些东西,当你们确实穷究它们。也就是,打开那些论文,检视正式逻辑摆在你们面前的那些上千的置疑法,你们将会看见,它是类别的唯一可能的定义。假如你们确实想要保住它,具有普遍性的地位,因为从一方面,用这个类别,它也构成它可能并不存在的可能性。

For you can just as validly, lacking from the
universal, define the class which includes no individual, this
will be nonetheless a class universally constituted with the
conciliation I am saying, of this extreme possibility with the
normative value of every universal judgement in so far as it
cannot but transcend every inductive inference namely drawn from
experience.

因为你们能够同样正确地定义这个类别,欠缺作为普遍性。这个类别并没有包含任何个人,这仍然将是一个类别,普遍性被形成的类别,用我正在言说的摇摆。这个极端可能性的摇摆。它具有每个普遍性的判断的命名的价值。因为它不得不超越每个推论的暗示,也就是从经验获得的推论的暗示。

This is the meaning of the little dial that I represented for you
in connection with the class to be constituted among the others,
namely the vertical trait.

这就是这个小小刻度盘的意义,我呈现给与你们,关于应该被形成的类别,除了其他类别之外,也就是垂直的特征。

The subject at first constitutes the absence of such traits, as
such he is himself the top quarter on the right. The zoologist
if you will allow me to go this far, does not carve out the
mammal class in the assumed totality of the maternal mamma; it is
because he detaches the mamma that he can identify the absence of
mamma.

主体首先形成这些特征的缺席。作为这样的主体,他自身就是右边的顶端的四分之一。动物学家,假如你们容许我们如此牵涉,并没有移除哺乳动物的类别,在被认为是母亲的妈妈的整体性。这样,他才能够辨认妈妈的缺席。

The subject as such is minus one. It is starting from
(13) there, from the unary trait qua excluded that he decrees
that there is a class in which universally there cannot be the
absence of the mamma: minus minus one: -(-1). And it is starting
from there that everything is specifically ordered in particular
cases: in anything whatsoever (le tout venant), there is one or
there is not one ( 2 – 3 ) . A contradictory opposition is
established diagonally, and this is the only true contradiction
which subsists at the level of the establishment of the
universal/ affirmative, particular/negative dialectic, by the
unary trait.

主体的自身是负一(- 1)。从那里开始,从这个作为被排除的独异性开始,他决定,有一个类别。在这个类别里,普遍地,不可能存在着妈妈的缺席:负负一:-(-1). 就是从那里开始,每样东西明确地被规范秩序,在特殊的类别里:无论在任何东西,会有一个一,或并没有一个一(2-3)。一个悖论的对立斜角线地被建立。这是唯一的真实的悖论,存在于普遍性/肯定,特殊性/否定的辨证法的建立的层面,由于这个独异性的特征。

雄伯译
32hsiung@pchome.com.tw
https://springhero.wordpress.com

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