论自恋 h

论自恋 h
Sigmund Freud
西格蒙、弗洛依德

On Narcissism: an Introduction
论自恋:导论

We are naturally led to examine the relation between this forming of an
ideal and sublimation. Sublimation is a process that concerns object-libido and consists in the instinct’s directing itself towards an aim other than, and remote from, that of sexual satisfaction; in this process the accent falls upon deflection from sexuality.

我们当然被引导去检视理想的形成与升华的关系。升华是关系到客体-力比多的过程,由本能引导它自己朝向一个目标,不同于,也远距性的满足的目标。在这个过程,重点落在离开性的折射。

Idealization is a process that concerns the object; by it that object, without any alteration in its nature, is aggrandized and exalted in the subject’s mind. Idealization is possible in the sphere of ego-libido as well as in that of object-libido. For example, the sexual
overvaluation of an object is an idealization of it. In so far as sublimation
describes something that has to do with the instinct and idealization
something to do with the object, the two concepts are to be distinguished
from each other.3

理想化则是关系到客体的过程。凭借理想化,那个客体,在它的特性并没有任何改变,被增值而且被提升,在主体的心灵里。理想化是可能的,这自我-力比多的领域,以及在那客体-力比多的领域。譬如,性的过分高估客体,就是性的理想化。因为升华描述某件跟本能有关的东西,而理想化则是描述跟客体有关的东西。两个观念应该被互相区别开来。

The formation of an ego ideal is often confused with the sublimation of
instinct, to the detriment of our understanding of the facts. A man who has exchanged his narcissism for homage to a high ego ideal has not
necessarily on that account succeeded in sublimating his libidinal instincts.

自我理想的形成往往跟本能的升华混为一谈。结果伤害到我们对于事实的理解。一位曾经用他的自恋交换对崇高自我-理想的致敬的人,未必因为那个缘故,就成功地将他的力比多的本能升华。

It is true that the ego-ideal demands such sublimation, but it cannot enforce it; sublimation remains a special process which may be prompted by the ideal but the execution of which is entirely independent of any such prompting.

自我-理想确实要求这样的升华,但是它无法强制执行它。升华始终是一个特别的过程,可以经有理想触动,但是这个特别过程的执行则是完全独立于任何这样的触动。

It is
precisely in neurotics that we find the highest differences of potential
between the development of their ego ideal and the amount of sublimation of their primitive libidinal instincts; and in general it is far harder to convince an idealist of the inexpedient location of his libido than a plain man whose pretensions have remained more moderate.

确实就是在神经症身上,我们发现自我-理想的发展与他们的原初的力比多的本能的升华数量之间的差异。通常,要说服一位理想家相信他的力比多的不方便的位置,比起说服一位他的伪装始终比较温和的普通人,困难得多。

Further, the formation of an ego ideal and sublimation are quite differently related to the causation of neurosis.

而且,自我-理想的形成与升华,跟神经症的促成,关系完全不同。

As we have learnt, the formation of an ideal heightens the
demands of the ego and is the most powerful factor favouring repression; sublimation is a way out, a way by which those demands can be met
without involving repression.1

我们已经学习到,理想的形成强化对自我的要求,是赞同压抑的最强烈的因素。升华则是一种出口,凭借这个出口,那些要求能够被满足,而没有牵涉到压抑。

雄伯译
32hsiung@pchome.com.tw
https://springhero.wordpress.com

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