无意识的形成 29

无意识的形成 29
雅克、拉康
20.11.57 40
This had of course already made its appearance, but only up to a
certain point and masked in some way; masked in so far as what is
graspable at the level of discourse, of the concrete discourse,
always presents itself with respect to this generation of meaning
in an ambiguous position;
这个语言当然已经出现,但是直到某个时刻,而且以某种方式遮蔽。这个语言被遮蔽,因为在辞说的层次,具体的辞说所能够被理解的东西,总是呈现它自己,关于意义的这个产生,以模糊暧昧的立场。

this language, in effect, being already
turned towards objects that include in themselves something of
the creation that they have received from language itself and
(8) something that had already been the object precisely of a
whole tradition, even of a whole philosophical rhetoric, that
which asks the question in the most general sense of the critique
of judgement:

实际上,这个语言由于已经被转向客体,本身包含某创造的东西的客体。它们从语言本身已经接收的创造,这个某件东西确实已经是整个传统的客体,甚至是整个哲学修饰的客体,以最通俗的判断力的批判的意义,询问这个问题的东西:

what is the value of language? What do these
connections represent in relation to the connections at which
they appear to culminate? That they should even put themselves
forward as representing the connections that exist in the real
order.

语言的价值是什么?相对于它们似乎淋漓尽致的连接的这些连接代表什么?这些连接甚至应该提出自己,作为代表存在于真实秩序的各种连接。

It is at all of this, in fact, that there culminates a critical
tradition, a philosophical tradition, whose high point and summit
we can define by Kant, and already we can in a certain way
interpret, think of Kant’s critique as the most profound
questionning of every kind of reality, in so far as it is submitted
to a priori categories not only of aesthetics but also of logic.

事实上,有一个批判的传统,一个哲学的传统,在这一切,表现得淋漓尽致。这个传统的高潮与巅峰,我们能够用康德来定义。我们已经能够用某种的方式来解释,将康德的批判认为是最深刻的质疑每一种的现实。因为它们屈从于先验的范畴,不但是美学,而且是逻辑的范畴。

Here indeed is something that represents a pivotal point from
which human meditation can begin again to rediscover that
something that was not at all perceived in the way of asking the
question at the level of discourse, at the level of logical
discourse, at the level of the correspondence between a certain
syntax of the intentional circle

在此,确实有某件东西代表一种枢纽点。从这个枢纽点,人类的沉思能够再次开始重新发现,以在辞说的层次,在逻辑的层次,在意图的循环的某个句法的对应的层次,询问这个问题,根本就没有感知到的东西。

in so far as it is closed in each sentence, to take it up again right through this book on the critique of logical discourse, to reconsider again the action of
the word in this creative chain in which it is always capable of
engendering new meanings, most obviously by means of metaphor;
(9) and by way of metonymy in a fashion that – I will explain why
in due course – has up to recent times always remained profoundly
masked.

因为这个意图的循环被封闭在每个句子里,再次探讨它,根据针对逻辑辞说批判的这本书,再次重新考虑这个字段行动,在这个创造的锁链。在那里,它总是能够产生新的意义。使用的方式,直到最近,始终是深刻地受到遮蔽。到时候,我还解释为什么。

This introduction is already difficult enough to make me return
to my example of famillionaire and to make us try here to
complete it.

这个介绍已经足够困难,让我回到famillionaire的例子,并且让我们在此尝试完成它。

We only arrived at this notion in the course of an intentional
discourse in which, while the subject presents himself as wishing
to say something, something else is produced that goes beyond his
wish, something that presents itself as an accident, as a
paradox, as a scandal, a neo-formation, that appears with certain
features that are not at all the negative ones of a sort of
stumbling like in a parapraxis which is what it might have been –

我们仅是到达这个观念,在一个意图性的辞说的过程。在那里,主体呈现它自己,作为希望说出某件东西,某件其他东西被产生,超越这个愿望,某件东西呈现它自己,作为是一个意外,作为一个悖论,作为一个丑闻,一个新的形成。它出现,带有某些的特征,这些特征根本就不是某种胡言乱语的负面的特征,类似于某种的口误表明看起来的样子。

雄伯译
32hsiung@pchome.com.tw
https://springhero.wordpress.com

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