无意识的形成 25

无意识的形成 25
雅克、拉康
13.11.57 36
Here lies the distinction between the witticism compared to what
is pure and simple phenomenon, the relating of a symptom, for
example; it is in the passage to the second function that the
witticism itself lies.

跟纯粹而单纯的现象比较起来,机智语的区别就是这里,这跟病征息息相关。譬如,机智语本身就在于抵达第二个功能的过程。

But on the other hand if all that I have
just told you today did not exist, namely what happens at the
level of the signifying conjunction which is its essential
phenomenon, and of what it develops as such, in so far as it
participates in the essential dimensions of the signifier, namely
metaphor and metonymy, there would be no sanction possible, no
other distinction possible for the witticism. For example in
comparison with the comic there would be none possible; or
compared to the jest, or compared to the raw phenomenon of
laughter.

但是在另一方面,假如我今天刚刚告诉你们的东西,也就是,在能指化的联接的层面所发生的事情,那是它的基本现象,以及它作为自身的发展,因为它参与能指的基本维度。换句话说,隐喻与换喻。对于机智语而言,那将不会有任何可能的认可,没有任何可能的区别。譬如,跟滑稽比较,或跟恶作剧比较,或跟哈哈大笑的粗鄙现象比较,将不会哟任何可能的区别,任何可能的认同。

In order to understand what is in question in the witticism qua
signifying phenomenon, we had to isolate its aspects, its
particularities, its attachments, all its ins and outs at the
(41) level of the signifier, and that the fact that the Witz
(S?), something that is at such an elevated level of signifying
elaboration, was dwelt on by Freud in order to see in it a
particular example of the formation of the unconscious, is also
something that retains us, it is also this whose importance you
should begin to see when I have shown you in this connection how
it allows us to advance in a rigorous fashion into a phenomenon
that is itself psychopathological as such, namely the parapraxis.

为了理解机智语受到质疑的东西,作为能指化的现象。我们必须突显出它的各个层面,它的各个特殊性,它的各个关联,在能指的层面,它的里外细节。机智语是某件属于能指的建构的升华的层面的东西,弗洛依德详述它,为了在它里面看出无意识形成的特殊的例子。机智语也是某件始终就是我们本质的东西。就是这个本质的重要性,你们应该开始看出,当我跟你们显示关于这一点,机智语如何让我们能够以积极的方式前往进入自身就是病理的现象,换句话说,口误,笔误等等。

雄伯译
32hsiung@pchome.com.tw
https://springhero.wordpress.com

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