无意识的形成 24

无意识的形成24
雅克拉康
13.11.57 35

The important thing is that you see in this joke itself the two
aspects of metaphorical creation: in one sense, in the sense of
meaning, in the sense that this joke bears, stirs up, is rich in
psychological signification, and in this instance hits the mark
and gains our attention by a talent that borders on a poetic
creation, and on the other hand on a sort of reverse side that is
not necessarily immediately perceived by him, the mot by virtue
of the combinations that we could extend here indefinitely,
seethes with all the teeming needs that surround an object on
this occasion.

重要的事情是,你们在笑话里看见隐喻创造的两个层面,它的意义上,笑话承载,激发,充满心理的意义。在这个例子,笑话一针见血,获得我们的注意,这位天才迹近于诗意的创造。在另一方面,它迹近于一种反面,未必马上就是被他感知的反面,凭借这些连结的机智语,我们在此无限地延伸的连结。在这个场合,它充满环绕客体的急切需求。

I have already alluded to fames. There would also be fama,
namely the need for brilliance and reputation which accompanies
the personage of Hirsch-Hyacinth’s master. There would also be
the basic infamy of that servile familiarity that culminates in
the scene at the Baths of Lucca, with the fact that
Hirsch-Hyacinth gives his master one of those purgatives of which
he has the secret, and that he is in the grip of agonizing
stomach cramps at the precise moment that he finally receives
(39) from his beloved lady the letter, that would in other
circumstances have allowed him to realize all his dreams.

我已经提到各种名声fames 。也会有才名远播,换句话说,伴随Hirsch-Hyacinth的主人的这位人物的才名远播。也会有擅长奉承基本的坏名声,在「路卡的沐浴」的场景最是淋漓尽致。当他最后从他钟爱的女士那里获得信件的那个时刻,他腹痛如绞。若是在其他的环境,那本来会让他实现他的梦想。

This grossly farcical scene reveals what can be called the
underpinnings of this infamous familiarity, and is something
which really gives its weight, its meaning, its connections, its
open and hidden side, its metaphorical aspect and it metonymical
aspect, to this formation of the joke, and which is nevertheless
not its essence, because now that we have seen both its aspects,
all the ins and outs, the creation of meaning of famillionaire
which also implies a loss, is something which is repressed.

这个巨大闹剧的场景显示所谓的擅长奉承familiarity的坏名声。那个东西确实给予它的份量,它的意义,它的联想,它开放与隐藏的层面,它隐喻的层面,它换喻的层面,来形成这个笑话。可是,那并不是它的本质,因为现在我们已经看见它的各个层面,里外的一切细节,famillionaire 的意义的创作,也暗示着丧失,那是某件被压抑的东西。

It must necessarily be something that concerns Heinrich Heine,
something that will begin like the Signor above to turn round and
round between the code and the message.

它必然是跟Heinrich Heine 有关系的东西,某件像以上的这位Signor将会开始的东西,为了在符码与讯息之间反复翻转的东西。

When on the other hand
we also have on the side of the metonymical thing, those losses
of meaning that are all the sparks, all the spatters produced
around the creation of the word famillionaire, and which
constitute its radiation, its weight, that which gives it for us
its literary value, it nonetheless remains that the only
important thing is the centre of the phenomenon, namely that
which appears at the level of signifying creation, whatever
ensures that this is precisely a witticism, and not everything
that is there which is produced all about and puts us on the path
of its function qua centre of gravity of this whole phenomenon,
what gives it its accent and its weight, should be looked for at
(40) the very centre of the phenomenon, namely at the level of
the conjunction of signifiers on the one hand, and on the other
hand, as I have already indicated, at the level of the sanction
that is given by the Other to this creation itself, through the
fact that it is the Other who gives to this signifying creation
the value of a signifier in itself, the value of a signifier in
relation to the phenomenon of signifying creation.
在另一方面,我们也拥有换喻的事情的这个层面。智慧火花的意义的那些丧失,环绕着famillionaire这个字词的创造产生的侃侃而谈,构成它的灿烂,它的份量的侃侃而谈,它给予我们它的文学价值。可是,唯一重要的事情仍然是这个现象的中心,也就是,出现在能指化创造的层面,不管是什么作为保证,这确实是个机智语。并非每样在那里被产生的东西,都让我们追踪它的功能,作为整个现象的引力的中心。给予它强调与份量的东西,应该在现象的中心去寻找。换句话说,在一方面是各种能指的连接,另一方面,如同我已经指出的,在大他者给予认同的层面。大他者给予这个创造本身的认同,根据这个事实:大他者将能指本身的价值给予这个能指化的创造,将能指的价值,跟能指化的创造的现象连上关系。

雄伯译
32hsiung@pchome.com.tw
https://springhero.wordpress.com

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