精神病 357

精神病 357
雅克、拉康

How else can we explain that a man is able to understand something, what
is called understanding, of the simplest formulation to be inscribed in language,
the most elementary utterance – Thafs it [c*est cela]? For a man, this
expression nevertheless has an explanatory sense. He has seen something,
anything, which is there, and thafs it. Whatever the thing is he is in the
presence of, whether it be a question of the most unusual, the most bizarre,
or even the most ambiguous, thafs it. It is now located somewhere other than
where it was beforehand, which was nowhere, now it’s – thafs it.

除外,我们要如何解释,一个人能理解某件事情。所谓的理解,应该被铭记在语言的即使是最简单的说明,最基本的表达—那就是它?可是,对于一个人,这种表达具有解释的意义。他曾经看见过某件东西,任何在那里的东西,那就是它。无论这个东西是什么,他处于「这就是它」的这个过程,无论是最不寻常,最古怪,或甚至最暧昧的东西的问题。它现在被定位在某个并非是它先前所在的地方。以前是乌何有之所。现在则是:「那就是它。」

I would for a moment like deliberately to take a phenomenon that is exemplary
because it’s the most inconsistent of that which can present itself to
man – the meteor.7

我想要刻意接纳一个作为典范的现象。因为它是呈现给人的最不一贯的现象。流星的现象。

By definition the meteor is that [cela], it’s real and at the same time it’s
illusory. It would be quite wrong to say that it’s imaginary. The rainbow,
thafs it. You say that the rainbow is that, and then you search. People racked
their brains for some time until M. Descartes came along and completely
reduced the whole affair. There is a region that becomes iridized in little
drops of water in suspension, etc. Fine. And so what? There is the ray on
one side and the condensed drops on the other. That’s it. It was only an
appearance – that’s it.

定义上,流星就是「那个」。它是真实的,它同时也是幻觉。假如我们说,流星是想像的,那我们就错误了。你们说,彩虹就是「那个」。那么,你去研究。人们有一阵子绞尽脑筋,直到笛卡尔前来,将整个事情完全解决。在悬置的水滴,有一个地区变成虹彩,等等。很好,然后呢?在一边有光线,在另外一边有浓缩的水滴。「那就是它。」那仅是外表–「那就是它。」

Notice that the question is not at all settled. A ray of light is, as you know,
a wave or a corpuscle and a little drop of water is a curious thing, since
ultimately it’s not really in gaseous form, it’s condensation which is falling in
a liquid state, but in a suspended fall, between the two, in the state of an
expansive pool, as water.

请你们注意,问题根本就没有被解决。众所周知,光线是一种波浪,或一种小东西。而一滴水滴则是一件耐人寻味的东西。因为最后,它并没有确实处于气体的形态,它是掉落在液体状态的浓缩。但是处于被悬置的掉落,在扩大的水池里,处于两个液体状态之间,作为水。

When we say, then, Thafs it, we imply that that’s all it is, or that that’s
not what it is, namely, the appearance that we had stopped at. But this proves
to us that everything that has subsequently emerged, the thafs all it is as well
as the thafs not what it is, was already implied in the thafs it at the beginning.
A rainbow is a phenomenon that has no kind of imaginary interest, you
will have never seen an animal pay one any attention, and as a matter of fact
man pays no attention to an incredible number of related manifestations.

那么,当我们说,「那就是它时」,我们暗示着,那就是它的一切。或是,那并不是它的本质。我们停留在外表上。但是这跟我们证明,随后出现的每样东西,「那就是它的一切」,以及「那并不是它的本质」,都已经被暗示在开始的「那就是它」里。彩虹的现象并没有引起想像的興趣,你们从来没有看见过一只动物注意彩虹。实际上,人们并没有注意无数相关的展现。

Various iridizations are exceedingly widespread in nature and, gifts of observation
or some special research aside, nobody pauses at them. If on the contrary
rainbows exist, it’s precisely in relation to the thafs it. That’s why we
have named them rainbows and why when one speaks of them to someone
who hasn’t yet seen one there is a point at which one says to him – Thafs
what a rainbow is. And this thafs what it is presupposes the implication that
we are going to carry on until we have run out of breath, to discover what
lies hidden behind it, what its cause is, to which we shall be able to reduce
it. Notice that what has characterized the rainbow and the meteor from the
beginning – and everybody knows this since this is why it’s called a meteor
– is precisely that nothing is hidden behind it. It exists entirely in this appearance.

在自然界,各色各样的虹彩是极端普遍。除了具有观察到天赋及某些特别的研究外,没有人会为它们停下来。相反地,假如彩虹存在,那确实是跟「那就是它」息息相关。那就是为什么我们曾经命名它为彩虹,为什么当我们对某位还没有见到它们的人谈到它们时,有个时刻我们对他说:「那就是彩虹的样子。」这个「那就是它的样子」预先假设这个暗示,我们将继续这样,直到我们喘不过气来,为了要发现它的背后隐藏什么,它的原因是什么,我们将能够解答它。请你们注意,从一开始,表现彩虹及流星的特征的东西,确实就是在它背后没有东西—众所周知,因为这是为什么它被称为是流星。它完全存在于这个外表里。

雄伯译
32hsiung@pchome.com.tw
https://springhero.wordpress.com

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s


%d bloggers like this: