精神病 356

精神病 356
雅克、拉康

Doesn’t this kind of declaration give you cause to wonder, when we know
that the putting into play of the signifier in the symptom has no link with
anything of the order of a tendency? You would really have to have the oddest
idea of natural symbolization to believe that a ring is the natural symbolization
of the female sexual organ.

这种宣告难道不是给你们想要知道的理由,当我们知道,能指在病征里的运作个跟倾向的秩序的任何东西,没有关联?你们确实必须拥有最古老的观念,对于自然的象征,这样你们才会相信,戒指是女性的性器官的象征。

You are all familiar with the theme of the Ring of Hans Carvel, a fine story
from the Middle Ages of which La Fontaine made a tale and which Balzac
used again in his Comes drolatiques. This fellow, who is colorfully depicted
and is sometimes said to be a priest, dreams that he has a ring on his finger
and on waking finds that he has his finger inside the vagina of his companion.
To put this in a way that dots the is and crosses the ts – how could the
experience of penetrating this orifice, since it is an orifice that is in question,
resemble in any way at all that of putting on a ring, if one didn’t already
know in advance what a ring is?

你们对于「汉斯、卡维尔」的主题都耳熟能详,这是中世纪的美好故事,拉、丰田创作一个故事,巴尔扎克再次使用者他的Comes drolatiques. 这个人生动地被描述,有时据说是一位僧侣。他梦想他的手指上拥有一个戒指。当他清醒时,他发现,他的手指在他的伴侣的阴户里。让我们描述一下细节:贯穿这个阴穴的经验,跟戴上戒指,如何有任何方式类似?因为受到质疑的是这个阴穴,假如我们不是已经事先知道戒指是什么?

A ring isn’t an object one encounters in nature. If there is anything in the
order of penetration that resembles the more or less tight-fitting penetration
of a finger inside a ring, it is certainly not – I appeal, as Marie-Antoinette
used to say, not to all mothers, but to all those who have ever put their finger
in a certain place – it’s certainly not penetrating this place which is, my God,
more like a mollusk than anything else. If something in nature is designed to
suggest certain of the properties of a ring [anneau] to us, it is restricted to
what language has dedicated the term anus to, which in Latin is spelt with
one n, and which in their modesty ancient dictionaries designated as the ring
that can be found behind.

戒指并不是我们在自然里遭遇的客体。假如贯穿的秩序有任何东西类似手指放进戒指的这个相当密切配合的贯穿—如同马丽亚、安东尼特过去常说,我并非诉诸所有的母亲—而是诉诸所有将他们的手指放进某个地方的人们—那确实并不是贯穿这个地方。我的天,贯穿这个地方倒是更像软体动物。假如自然界有某件东西被设计跟我们暗示着戒指的某种特性,它被限制于语言给予排粪口anus的这个术语专属的东西。在拉丁文,它的拼字只有一个n。由于谦虚,古代的字典设计它当著背后能够找到的戒指。

But to confuse one with the other on the basis of the fact that it may be a
question of natural symbolization, one must really have had in the order of
these cogitative perceptions. . . . Freud himself must have really despaired
of you not to have taught you the difference between the two, and regarded
you as irredeemable little idiots.

但是为了要将这个戒指跟另外一个戒指混为一谈,根据这个事实,那是自然象征的问题,我们确实必须拥有,在这些认知的感觉上、、、弗洛依德确实曾经让你们感到绝望,因为他并没有教导你们这两者之间的差异,将你们当作是无可救药的白痴。

Mr. Jones’s lucubration is designed to show us that a ring is introduced
into a dream, indeed a dream that culminates in a sexual action, only because
we thereby signify something primitive. Cultural connotations frighten him
and this is where he is mistaken. He doesn’t imagine that the ring already
exists as a signifier, independently of its connotations, that it’s already one of
the essential signifiers by which man in his presence in the world is capable
of crystallizing many things other than marriage. A ring isn’t a hole with
something around it, as Mr. Jones seems to think, in the manner of these
people who think that to make macaroni one takes a hole and surrounds it
with flour. A ring above all has a signifying value.

琼斯先生的辛勤研究被设计来告知我们,戒指被介绍进入梦里。的确,梦在性的行动达到高潮,只是因为我们因此指明某件原初的东西。文化的意涵让他惊吓,这就是他错误的地方。他没有想像,戒指已经存在,作为一个能指,独立于它的内涵意义。它已经是一个基本的能指,凭借这个能指,存在于世界的男人,除了婚姻之外,还能够将许多东西具体化。戒指并不是有某件东西环绕它的空洞,如同琼斯先生似乎这样认为,类似有些人们认为,为了制作通心面,我们弄一个空洞,然后用面粉环绕它。尤其重要的是,戒指拥有一个能指意义的价值。

雄伯译
32hsiung@pchome.com.tw
https://springhero.wordpress.com

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s


%d bloggers like this: