精神病 354

精神病 354

Whatever certain of the weaknesses in Freud’s argument concerning psychosis
may be, it is undeniable that the function of the father is so exalted in
Schreber that nothing less than God the father – in a subject for whom up to
this point this has had no sense – is necessary for the delusion to attain its
culminating point, its point of equilibrium. The prevalence, in the entire
evolution of Schreber’s psychosis, of paternal characters who replace one
another, grow larger and larger and envelop one another to the point of
becoming identified with the divine Father himself, a divinity marked by the
properly paternal accent, is undeniable, unshakable, and destined to make
us raise the question once again – how come something that confirms that
Freud is so right is only investigated by him in certain modes that leave a lot
to be desired?


In reality, everything in him is balanced, and everything remains inadequate
in Mrs. Macalpine’s rectification. It’s not only the vastness of the fantasmatic
character of the father that prevents us from being in any way satisfied
with a dynamics founded on the irruption of a pre-oedipal fantasy. There are
many more things, including what in both cases remains enigmatic. Freud,
much more than Mrs. Macalpine, comes close to the preponderant, crushing,
proliferating aspect of the phenomena of verbal auditivation, the formidable
captivation of the subject in the world of speech, which is not only copresent
with his existence, which constitutes not only what last time I called a spoken
accompaniment of acts, but also a perpetual intimation, solicitation, summation
even, to manifest itself on this plane.


Not for one instant must the
subject cease testifying, at the constant inducement of the speech that accompanies
him, that he is there present, capable of responding – or of not
responding, because perhaps, he says, one wants to compel him to say something
silly. By his response, as by his nonresponse, he has to testify that he
is always awake to this internal dialogue. Not to be so any longer would be
the signal of what he calls a Verwemng, that is, as it has been correctly translated,
a decomposition.


This is what we have drawn attention to this year and what we have insisted
upon, in order to say that it’s what gives the pure Freudian position its value.
Despite the paradox presented by certain manifestations of psychosis if one refers them to the dynamics that Freud recognized in neurosis, psychosis nevertheless happens to be explored in a more satisfactory manner from his point of view.



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