精神病 352

精神病 352b
雅克、拉康

We must remark that despite certain weaknesses in his argument, which
are due to the use of terms that only have their place in the imaginary dialectic
of narcissism, the virile object is the essential element at play in the con-
flict. It alone enables us to make sense of and to understand the different
stages of the delusion’s evolution, its phases, and its final construction. Furthermore,
we may note in passing all sorts of subtleties that have not been
developed or completely explored. Freud shows us for example that projection
alone cannot explain delusion, that it is not a matter of a mirror image
of the subject’s feeling, but that it is indispensable to determine stages in it
and, at a certain moment as it were, a loss of the tendency, which ages.

我们必须谈论,尽管他的论点有某些弱点,那是由于那些术语的使用,仅有在自恋的想像的辩证法,才有它们的立足之地。在冲突当中,生命力的客体是运作的基本要素。光是它,就让我们能够明白与理解妄想症的进化的不同阶段,它的时期,及它最后的建构。而且,我们可能会顺便注意到,还没有被发展,或还没有完全被探索的各种的微妙细节。譬如,弗洛依德跟我们显示,光是投射并无法解释妄想症。这并不是主体感觉到镜像阶段,而是,要在它那里决定阶段,是无法被免除不用的东西。并且在所谓的某个时刻,那个倾向的丧失,在那个年纪。

Over the course of the year I have greatly insisted upon the fact that what has been
repressed within reappears without, re-emerges in the background – and not
in a simple structure but in a position that is, as it were, internal, which
makes the subject himself, who in the present case happens to be the agent
of persecution, ambiguous, problematic. He is initially only the representative
of another subject who not only permits but undoubtedly acts, in the
final analysis. In short, the otherness of the other is spread out. It’s one of
the problems to which as a matter of fact Freud does lead us, but he stops
there.

过去一年来,我曾经强烈坚持这个事实: 在内部被潜抑的东西,会从外部重新出现,在背景重新出现。不是以简单的结构,而是以一个所谓的内部的立场。这个立场让主体他自己模糊暧昧,及问题重重。因为在目前的情况,主体他自己恰恰是迫害的代理者。他最初仅是代表另外一个主体。追根究底,这另外一个主体不但包容,而且无可置疑地行动。总之,他者的这个他性被扩展开来。这是其中一个难题,事实上是弗洛依德引导我们到达的难题,但是他停在那里。

Ida Macalpine, after others, but in a much more coherent way than others,
objects that nothing permits us to think that this delusion presupposes the
genital maturity, if I may call it that, that would explain the fear of castration.
The homosexual tendency is far from manifesting itself as primary. What we
see from the start are symptoms, initially hypochondriacal, which are psychotic
symptoms.

艾达、马卡派恩跟随着别人之后,但是以比别人更加一贯的方式,反对说,没有一样东西让我们能够认为,这个妄想症预先假设性器官的成熟。容我这样说,性器官的成熟将解释阉割的恐惧。同性恋的倾向根本就没有展示自己作为是原初性。我们从一开始所看见的东西是病征,最初被感到忧郁。这些病征是精神病的病征。

At the outset one finds this particular something which is at the heart of
the psychotic relation, such as the psychosomatic phenomena that this clinician
has especially worked on, and which certainly for her are the means of
access to the phenomenology of this case. It is here that she might have directly
apprehended phenomena that are structured quite differently from what takes
place in the neuroses, namely, where there is some sort of direct imprint or
inscription of a characteristic and even, in certain cases, of a conflict upon
what may be called the material picture that the subject presents as a corpo-
real being. A symptom such as a facial eruption, which can be variously
characterized dermatologically, will be mobilized in response to a given anniversary
for example, directly, without any intermediary, without any dialectic,
without any interpretation’s being able to indicate any correspondence
with anything from the subject’s past.

一开始,我们发现这个特别的某件东西,处于精神病的关系的核心。譬如临床医生特别从事的心理与肉体的现象。对于她而言,这些现象确实是接近这个个案的现象的工具。就在这里,她可能已经理解到这些现象,结构上相当不同于发生在神经征的东西。换句话说,会有某种的直接铭记或特征的铭记,在某些的个案,会有冲突的铭记,在所谓的物料的画面上,主体呈现的画面,作为具有真实肉身的生命实存。诸如脸部发作这样的病征,有时在皮肤上具有各种的特征。这样的特征将会被动员,用来回应,譬如某个周年纪念,直接地,没有中介地,没有任何的辩证法,没有任何的解释能够指示,它跟主体的过去的任何东西,有任何的一致关联。

雄伯译
32hsiung@pchome.com.tw
https://springhero.wordpress.com

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