精神病 204

204
There is Wahrnehmung, perception, first of all. This is a primordial, primary
position which remains hypothetical since in a way none of it comes to
light in the subject. Then there is Bewusstsein, consciousness.

Consciousness and memory as such are mutually exclusive. This is a point
on which Freud never varied. It always seemed to him that pure memory,
qua inscription and acquisition by the subject of a new means of reacting,
should remain completely immanent to the mechanism and bring no apprehension
of the subject by himself into play.

首先,会有一个感知。这是一个原初的,最初的立场。这个立场始终是假设,以某种方式,在主体身上,没有一样会启蒙。然后,会有意识存在。意识与记忆的本身是互相排除的。这是弗洛依德从来没有变更的观点。他总是觉得,主体作为反应的新的媒体,他的纯粹的记忆作为铭记及习得,应该保持是机制的完整的内在性,主体本身的理解,并无法去理解它。

The Wahrnehmung stage is there to show that something simple must be
presupposed at the origin of memory, conceived as consisting of a plurality
of registers. The first registration of perceptions, which is also inaccessible to
consciousness, is arranged according to associations by simultaneity. Here
we have the original requirement of a primitive installation of simultaneity.

这种「感知」的阶段在那里,是为了显示:某件简单的东西必须被预先假定,在记忆的起源,被构想为由各种铭记的多重性所组成。各种感知的最初铭记,也无法被意识接近。它被安排,根据同时性的联想。在此,我们拥有原初的要求,对于同时性的原始安置。

This is what I showed you last year in our probative exercises concerning
symbols.4 Things became interesting, you’ll remember, when we established
the structure of groups of three. Putting these groups of three together effectively
establishes a relationship of simultaneity between them. Simultaneity
is the birth of the signifier and, equally, its existence is a synchronic coexistence.
Saussure emphasizes this point.

这是我去年跟你们显示的东西,在我们的证实关于各种象征的真实的运用。事情变得耐人寻味。你们将记得,当我们建立三个一组的团体的结构时。将三个一组的团体聚集一块,有效地建立它们之间的同时性的关系。同时性就是所指的诞生。同样地,它的存在是一种同时性的共同存在。索绪尔强调这点。

Unbewusstsein is of the order of conceptual memories. The notion of causal
relation as such appears here for the first time. This is the moment at which
the signifier, once constituted, is secondarily arranged according to something
else, which is the appearance of the signified.

无意识属于观念的记忆的秩序。因果关系本身的观念,在此第一次出现。这就是能指,一旦被形成,被次级安排的时刻,依照某件其它的东西。那就是所指的出现。

It’s only subsequently that the Vorbezvusstsein, the third mode of rearrangement,
comes into play. It’s from this preconscious that investments will become
conscious, according to certain precise rules. This second thought conscious-
ness is in all likelihood linked to the hallucinatory experience of word representations,
5 the emission of words. The most radical example of this is verbal
hallucination, connected with the paranoid mechanism by which we auditivate
word representations. The appearance of consciousness which is linked
to this would otherwise always be without any link to memory.

重新安排的第三模式的运作,是随后才来。从前意识那里,各种的投注才会被意识到,依照某些明确的规则。这次级的思想的意识很有可能是跟文字再现,文字发出的表象的幻觉经验息息相关。最明显的例子是文辞的幻觉,跟妄想症的心理机制息息相关。凭借这种心理机制,我们聆听到文字的再现表象。意识的出现跟这个有关,否则它将不会跟记忆有任何关联。

In everything that follows, Freud shows that the phenomenon of Verdrdngung
consists in the loss of something of the order of a signifying expression
at the moment of passage from one stage of development to another. The
signifier recorded at one of these stages doesn’t cross over into the next, with
the mode of retroactive regrouping required by any new phase of signifier meaning
organization that the subject enters.

在随后的每样东西,弗洛依德显示,「潜抑」的现象由于某件东西的丧失组成。这个东西属于能指化表达的秩序,当它从发展的一个阶段,通过到另外一个阶段。被记录在其中的一个阶段的能指,并没有跨越进入另外一个阶段。这个模式是由于主体进入的能指与意义的组织的新的部分,要求反动地重新组成团体。

This is where any explanation of the existence of repression has to begin.
The notion of inscription in a signifier that dominates the registration is essential
to the theory of memory insofar as it’s at the basis of Freud’s first investigation
of the phenomenon of the unconscious.
21 March 1956

这就是潜抑的存在的解释开始的地方。在支配铭记的能指,铭记的观念是记忆理论的基本。因为它作为弗洛依的最初的研究无意识的现象的基础。

雄伯译
32hsiung@pchome.com.tw
https://springhero.wordpress.com

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