XI论原初能指的拒绝

XI
On the rejection of a primordial signifier
论原初能指的拒绝

A TWIN THAT IS BIG WITH DELUSION
孕育妄想的双胞胎

DAY AND NIGHT
日与夜

VERWERFUNG
拒绝

LETTER 52
52封信

We’ve been approaching the problem of the psychoses via the question of
Freudian structures. This approach is a modest one, and it isn’t actually
going in the direction in which our investigations are pointing, namely that
of the economy of the psychoses, which we are investigating through an analysis
of the structure.

我们一直凭借着弗洛依德的结构的问题,来探究精神病的难题。这种探究是温和的探究。它并没有确实地朝着我们的各种研究指出的方向。也就是说,精神病的生命活力的的方向。为们正在凭借结构的精神分析,研究精神病。

The structure appears in what can be called the phenomenon, in the strict
sense of the term. It would be surprising if nothing of the structure were to
appear in the way that, for example, the delusion presented itself. But our
confidence in the analysis of the phenomenon is quite distinct from that of
the phenomenological point of view, which strives to discover what it contains
of reality in itself. From the point of view that guides us we don’t have
this a priori confidence in the phenomenon, for the simple reason that our
way of proceeding is scientific and that it’s the starting point of modern science
not to trust the phenomena and to look for something more subsistent
behind them that explains them.

这个结构出现在所谓的这个现象,从这个术语的严格意义来说。这将令人大吃一惊,假如结构的的东西,没有一样以这种方式出现,譬如,妄想呈现自己的方式。但是我们对于现象的精神分析的信心,完全不同于现象学的观点。后者努力去发现象在现实界本身所包含的东西。从引导我们的这个观点,我们对于现象,并没有由因推果的这种信心。理由很简单,我们进行的方式是科学的。而现代科学的启始点,就是不信任各种现象,并且寻找现象背后更加真实的东西,来解释现象。

One must not retreat from this word. If some time ago psychiatry took a
backward step that consisted in distrusting explanation so as to extol understanding,
it was because the explanatory path had led to dead ends. But we
ourselves have evidence of the explanatory efficacity of analytic investigation,
and it’s on the assumption that here, too, an appropriate analysis of the phenomenon
will lead us to the structure and the economy that we shall make
advances in the domain of the psychoses.

我们一定不要从这个字词撤退。假如不久之前,精神病学採取后退的一步,因为它不信任为了理解而给予的解释。那是因为这个解释的途径导致行不通的死路。但是我们自己拥有证据:精神分析研究具有解释的有效性。这是根据这个假设:在此,对于现象的合宜的精神分析,也将会引导我们到达这个结构与在精神病的领域,我们将前进的生命活力。

It is not for the simple pleasures of the nosographer that we’re grappling
with the distinction between the neuroses and the psychoses. This distinction
is only too evident. It’s by comparing the two that relationships, symmetries,
and contrasts will appear that will enable us to erect an admissible structure
for psychosis.

我们正在努力澄清神经症与精神病的这个区别,并不纯然是分类学者的喜悦。这个区别太显而易见。凭借比较这两者的区别,各种关系,均称,对照将会出现。它们将会让我们能够替精神病竖立起一个准许进入的结构。

Our starting point is this – the unconscious is present but not functioning.
Contrary to what has been thought, the fact that it’s present doesn’t imply a
solution but, on the contrary, a very special inertia. Furthermore, psychoanalysis
doesn’t consist in making thought conscious or in making the ego’s
defenses less paradoxical, so as to obtain what is rashly called its strengthening.
This rejection of the two paths psychoanalysis took, first at its emergence
and then in its present, deviated state, is almost self-evident when one explores
the psychoses.

我们的启始点是这个: 无意识出现,但是没有发挥功能。跟一般的想法相反,无意识出现的这个事实,并没有暗示有解决方法。相反地,无意识具有非常特别的惰性。而且,精神分析并不是在于让思想意识到,或让自我的防卫减少矛盾,为了要获得大约所谓的强化自我。精神分析採取的这两条途径的这个拒绝,首先当无意识出现时,然后就是当无意识处于它目前的偏离的状态时,这种拒绝几乎是自明的,当我们探索精神病时。

In the forthcoming journal of our Society, in its first number on language
and speech, you will find this statement in the foreword – If psychoanalysis
inhabits language, in its discourse it cannot misrecognize it with impunity. This is
the whole sense of what I have been teaching you for a number of years, and
this is where we are with respect to the psychoses. The emphasis on, the
importance given to, language phenomena in psychosis is for us the most
fruitful lesson of all.

在我们的社团的将出版的这期杂志,它的第一期探讨语言与言说。你们将在发刊词发现这个陈述:假如精神分析驻居在语言里,在语言的辞说里,那么精神分析每次误识语言与辞说时,它总是遭受处罚。这就是完整的意义,我许多年来,一直在教导你们的。这就是我们目前关于精神病的立场。在精神病,给予语言现象的强调与重视,对于我们而言,是最具有成果的教学。

雄伯译
32hsiung@pchome.com.tw
https://springhero.wordpress.com

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