荣格:无意识的结构·

479 Identification with the collective psyche is thus a mistake
that, in another form, ends as disastrously as the first way, which led to the separation of the persona from the collective psyche.

认同于集体心灵因此是一种错误。以另外一种形式,它的结果跟第一种方式同样是灾难重重。第一种方式导致人格面具跟集体心灵分离。

Psychology of the Unconscious, is the aggregate of all those primordial images in which the libido is invested, or rather, which are self-representations of the libido.

无意识的心理学上所有那些原初意象的汇集。在那里,力比多被投注,或者说,它们是力比多的自我的表象。
287

APPENDICES
5. Fundamental PrinciPles in the Treatment of Collective Identity
集体认同的治疗的基本原则

<l80 In order to solve the problem presented by the assimilation
of the collective psyche, and to find a practical method of treat¬ment, we have first of all to take account of the error of the two procedures we have just described. We have seen that neither the one nor the other can lead to good results.

为了解决被集体心灵吸收的这个难题,以及为了找到一个实用的治,疗方法,我们首先必须考虑到我们刚刚描述的这两个程序的错误。

<l81 The first, by abandoning the vital values in the collective
psyche, simply leads back to the point of departure. The second penetrates directly into the collective psyche, but at the price of losing that separate human existence which alone can render life supportable and satisfying. Yet each of these ways proffers abso¬lute values that should not be lost to the individual.

第一种方法凭借放弃集体心灵的这些重大的价值,仅是引导回到出发点。第二种方法直接贯穿进入集体的心灵,但是代价是丧失那种分开的人类的生命实存。光是这个生命实存就能够将生命成为可支持及令人满意。可是,这些方法的每一个提供绝对的价值,不应该丧失给个人。

<l82 The mischief, then, lies neither with the collective psyche
nor with the individual psyche, but in allowing the one to ex¬clude the other. The disposition to do this is encouraged by the monistic tendency) which always and everywhere looks for a unique principle. Monism, as a general psychological tendency, is a characteristic of all civilized thinking and feeling, and it pro¬ceeds from the desire to set l,lp one function or the other as the supreme psychological principle. The introverted type knows only the principle of thinking) the extraverted type only that of teeling.14 This psychological monism, or rather monotheism, has the advantage of simplicity but the defect of one-sidedness. It implies on the one hand exclusion of the diversity and rich real¬ity of life and the world, and on the other the practicality of realizing the ideals of the present and the immediate past, but it holds out no real possibility of human development.

因此,这个恶作剧既不是在于集体心灵,也不是在于个人心灵,而是在于让前者能够将后者排除。这样做的倾向被这个单一倾向所鼓励。这个单一倾向总是而且到处寻找一个独特的原则。单一论,作为一个一般性的心理倾向,表现所有的文明思想与感觉的特征。它继续从这个欲望下去,想要建立某一种功能,作为最崇高的心理的原则。内省类型的人们仅是知道思想的原则,而外向型的人们则仅是知道感觉的原则。这种心理的单一论,或单一主义,拥有单纯化的利益,但是会有偏向一边的缺点。它暗示着,一方面,生命与世界的多样化与丰富的现实的被排除。另一方面,目前与当下的过去的理想的体会的实践,但是它并没有呈现人类发展的确是可能性。

483 The disposition to exclusiveness is encouraged no less by ra-
tionalism. The essence of this consists in the flat denial of what¬ever is opposed to one’s own way of seeing things either from the logic of the intellect or from the logic of feeling. It is equally monistic and tyrannical in regard to reason itself. We ought to be particularly grateful to Bergson for having broken a lance in defence of the irrational. Although it may not be at all to the taste of the scientific mind, psychology will nonetheless have to 14 [A view abandoned later. Cf. n. 8 supra.-EDIToRS.]
288

THE STRUCTURE OF THE UNCONSCIOUS

483 The disposition to exclusiveness is encouraged no less by ra-
tionalism. The essence of this consists in the flat denial of what¬ever is opposed to one’s own way of seeing things either from the logic of the intellect or from the logic of feeling. It is equally monistic and tyrannical in regard to reason itself. We ought to be particularly grateful to Bergson for having broken a lance in defence of the irrational. Although it may not be at all to the taste of the scientific mind, psychology will nonetheless have to recognize a plurality of principles and accommodate itself to them. It is the only way to prevent psychology from getting stranded. In this matter we owe a great deal to the pioneer work of William J ames.

排除的性情同样被理性主义所鼓励。这种性情的本质在于直率地否认跟自己的观点相对立的东西。我们常从知识逻辑,或从感觉逻辑来看待事情。关于理性的本身,这同样是单一论及暴虐。我们应该特别感激柏格森,因为他曾经折断防卫非理性的一根标枪。虽然这根本不为科学的心灵所喜欢。心理学仍然必须承认原则的多重性,并且对于它们有容乃大。这是唯一的方式阻止心理学不要被搁浅。在这件事情,我们归功于威廉、詹姆斯的开先锋的研究。

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