荣格:无意识的结构

[258] 473 Such a solution would be perfect if a man were really able
to shake off the unconscious, drain it of libido and render it in¬active. But experience shows that it is not possible to drain the energy from the unconscious: it remains active, for it not only contains but is itself the source of libido from which all the psy¬chic elements flow into us-the thought-feelings or feeling¬thoughts, the still undifferentiated germs of formal thinking and feeling. It is therefore a delusion to think that by some kind of magical theory or method the unconscious can be finally emp¬tied of libido and thus, as it were, eliminated. One may for a while play with this delusion, but the day comes when one is forced to say with Faust:

这样的一种解决将是完美的,假如一个人确实能够摆脱无意识,耗尽它的力比多,并且让它静止不动。但是经验教导我们,要将无意识来的能源耗竭是不可能的。无意识始终在活动当中。因为它不仅包括力比多,而是它本身就是力比多的来源。所有的心灵的因素都从力比多那里,流入我们—不论是思想-感觉,或感觉-思想,正常思想及感觉尚未差异化的细胞。因此,这将是一个幻觉,假如我们认为,凭借某种魔术般的理论或方法,无意识最后能够被掏空力比多,因此就被所谓的减少。有一阵子,我们可能玩弄这种幻觉,但是终有一日,我们被迫跟随浮士德这样说出:

10 Faust, trans. by MacNeice, Part II, Act V, p. 283.
284

THE STRUCTURE OF THE UNCONSCIOUS
But now such spectredom so throngs the air
That none knows how to dodge it, none knows where. Though one day greet us with a rational gleam,
The night entangles us in webs of dream.
We come back happy from the fields of spring¬And a bird croaks. Croaks what? Some evil thing. Enmeshed in superstition night and morn,
It forms and shows itself and comes to warn. And we, so scared, stand without friend or kin, And the door creaks-and nobody comes in.
Anyone here?

CARE: The answer should be clear.
F AUST: And you, who are you then?

CARE: I am just here.
F AUST: Take yourself off!

CARE: I am just here.
F AUST: Take yourself off!
CARE: This is where I belong.

FAUST: Take care, Faust, speak no magic spell, be strong. CARE: Unheard by the outward ear
In the heart I whisper fear; Changing shape from hour to hour I employ my savage power,11

但是现在,这种魅影簇拥空中
没有人知道如何闪躲它,没有人知道哪里
虽然有一天,它以理性的光辉欢迎我们,
夜晚却又将我们纠缠于梦的网络里
我们从春天的原野回来
一隻鸟鸣叫着。鸣叫什么? 某件邪恶的东西
纠结于迷信,夜晚与母亲那里
它形成,显示它自己,并且前来警告
我们如此惊恐,无亲无友地站立
门嘎嘎响,可是没有人进来
有人在家吗?

焦虑:回应应该很清楚。

浮士德:你,那么你是谁?

焦虑:我就在此地。

浮士德:请你离开。

焦虑:这是我归属所在。

浮士德:请注意,我浮士德不谈魔法力,而且强壮

焦虑:外表的耳朵前所未闻
在内心,我细声说恐惧,
每个时刻都在改变形状
我运用我的野蛮的力量

[258] 474 The unconscious cannot be analysed to a finish and
brought to a standstill. Nothing can deprive it of its power for any length of time. To attempt to do so by the method described is to deceive ourselves, and is nothing but ordinary repression in a new guise.

无意识无法被分析殆尽,停止不动。无论任何时刻,没有东西能够剥夺它的力量。凭借被描述的方法企图这样做,仅是欺骗我们自己,并且用新的伪装,予以压抑。

[258] 475 Mephistopheles leaves an avenue open which should not
be overlooked, since it is a real possibility for some people. He tells Faust, who is sick of the “madness of magic” and would gladly escape from the witch’s kitchen:

梅菲特费尔展开的这个途径,不应该被忽略。因为它对于某些人们确实可能。他告诉浮士德,虽然浮士德已经厌倦于「魔法的狂热」,并且很高兴地从女巫的厨房逃脱出来:

11 Ibid., pp. 281£. (modified).
285

APPENDICES
Right. There is one way that needs No money, no physician, and no witch.
Pack up your things and get back to the land And there begin to dig and ditch;
Keep to the narrow round, confine your mind, And live on fodder of the simplest kind,
A beast among the beasts; and don’t forget To use your own dung on the crops you set.12

没错。有个方法不需要金钱
不需要医生,不需要女巫
请你打包你的行李,回到那块土地
在那里挖掘与犁耕
局限在狭窄的圈里,限制你的心灵
吃食平凡单纯的生活粮草而过活
成为动物的一员,并且不要忘记
用你自己的粪便充当你农作物的肥料
[Anyone who finds it possible to live this kind of life will never be in danger of coming to grief in either of the two ways we are discussing, for his nature does not compel him to tackle a prob¬lem that is beyond his powers. But if ever the great problem should be thrust upon him, this way out will be closed.]

(若是有任何人,发现过着这样的生活是可能的,他就永远不会陷入遭受灾难的这个危险,不论用我们正在讨论的两种方式的哪一种。因为他的天性并不会逼迫他去解决一个超乎他的能力的难题。但是,假如万一这个钜大的难题降临在他身上,这个方法就关闭了。)

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