4. Attempts to Free the Individuality from the Collective Psyche
471 The unbearable state of identity with the collective psyche
drives the patient, as we have said, to some radical solution. Two ways are open to him for getting out of the condition of “god¬likeness:” The first possibility is to try to re-establish regressively the previous persona by attempting to control the unconscious through the application of a reductive theory-by declaring, for instance, that it is “nothing but” repressed and long overdue infantile sexuality which would really be best replaced by the normal sexual function. This explanation is based on the unde¬niably sexual symbolism of the language of the unconscious and on its concretistic interpretation. Alternatively the power theory may be invoked and, relying on the equally undeniable power tendencies of the unconscious, one may interpret the feeling of “godlikeness” as “masculine protest,” as the infantile desire for domination and security. Or one may explain the unconscious in terms of the archaic psychology of primitives, an explanation that would not only cover both the sexual symbolism and the “godlike” power strivings that come to light in the unconscious material but would also seem to do justice to its religious, philo¬sophical, and mythological aspects.

4 企图将个体性从集体心灵解放出来

A 人格面具的倒退恢复



472 In each case the conclusion will be the same, for what it
amounts to is a repudiation of the unconscious as something everybody knows to be useless, infantile, devoid of sense, and altogether impossible and obsolete. After this devaluation, there is nothing to be done but shrug one’s shoulders resignedly. To the patient there seems to be no alternative, if he is to go on living rationally, but to reconstitute, as best he can, that seg¬ment of the collective psyche which we have called the persona, and quietly give up analysis, trying to forget if possible that he possesses an unconscious. He will take Faust’s words to heart:


[257] This earthly circle I know well enough.
Towards the Beyond the view has been cut off; Fool-who directs that way his dazzled eye, Contrives himself a double in the sky!
Let him look round him here, not stray beyond; To a sound man this world must needs respond. To roam into eternity is vain!
What he perceives, he can attain.
Thus let him walk along his earthlong day; Though phantoms haunt him, let him go his way, And, moving on, to weal and woe assent-
He at each moment ever discontent.1o


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