Seminar IX :Identification 26

Seminar IX :Identification 26
第九研讨班 :认同

Jacques Lacan
雅克、拉康

Seminar IX :Identification 11
第九研讨班 :认同

Jacques Lacan
雅克、拉康

Seminar 5: Wednesday 13 December 1961

(14) This is what distinguishes the field of the unconscious, as it is revealed to us by Freud. It is itself impossible to formalise, to formulate if we do not see that at every instant it is only conceivable by seeing in it, and in the most obvious and tangible fashion, this autonomy of the subject preserved, I mean that by which the subject cannot in any circumstances be reduced to a dream of the world. I show you the reference and not the presence of this permanence of the subject.

这是无意识的这个领域被区别的原因,因为弗洛伊的跟我们显示它。无意识本身是无法说明的,假如我们没有看出,在每个瞬间,无意识仅能凭借在里面看到被保存的主体的自主权而构想它,以最明显而具体的方式。我的意思是,无论在任何情况下,主体无法被还原成为世界的一个梦。我跟你们显示这个指称,而不是主体的这个不朽性的存在。

Because this presence cannot be circumscribed except in function of this reference: I demonstrated, designated it for you the last time in this unary trait, in this function of the stroke as figure of the one in so far as it is only the distinctive trait, the trait precisely all the more distinctive in so far as there is effaced from it almost everything which distinguishes it, except the fact of being a trait by accentuating this fact that the more alike it is, the more it functions, I am not saying as a sign, but as a support for difference, and this only being an introduction to the throwing into relief of this dimension that I am trying to punctuate before you. Because in truth there is no longer any folds (“plis”): there is no ideal of similitude, of the ideal of the effacing of traits.

因为这种不朽性的存在无法被画定范围,除了以这个指称的功用:我上次用单一特征,跟你们证明及指明它,在这个笔划的功用,作为这个「一」的人物。因为它仅是这个清楚的特征,这个特征确实更加清楚,因为几乎每一样区别它的东西都从它那里被抹除掉。除了这个事实:它成为一个特征,是凭借强调这个事实:它越是相像,它发挥的功用越多。我并不是说,作为一个符号,而是作为一个对差异的支持。这个唯一是让这个维度凸显出来的导引,我正在你们面前尝试要强调的维度。因为事实上,不再有任何的折叠,没有类似的理型,这些特征被抹除的理型。

This effacing of qualitative distinctions is only there to allow us to grasp the paradox of radical otherness designated by the trait, and it is after all of little importance that each of these traits resembles one another. It is elsewhere that there resides what I called just now this function of otherness. In ending my discourse the last time I highlighted what its function was, the one which assures to repetition precisely the following that by this function, by it alone, this repetition escapes from the identity of its eternal return under the figure of the hunter notching the number (15) of what?

品质的差异的这个抹除在那里,仅是为了让我们能够理解这个特征指明的极端他者。毕竟,这些特征的每一个互相类似,并不是很重要的事情。我刚才所谓的他者的这个功用,位置在别的地方。上一次当我结束我的论述时,我强调它的功用是什么。这个功用确定重复确实会有以下的功用: 凭借这个功用,仅是凭借它,这个重复从它的永恒的回归的认同逃避出来,就像猎人雕刻什么的这个数字的形象。

Of traits that he wounded his prey, or of the divine Marquis who shows us, that even at the summit of his desire, he takes good care to count these ejaculations, and that
this is an essential dimension, in so far as it never abandons the necessity that it implies in almost any of our functions.In counting these events, the trait which counts, what is it? Are you still following me properly here?

关于他伤害他的猎物的这些特征,或是关于圣马奎斯跟你们显示的,甚至在他的欲望的顶峰,他非常细心地计算这些射精的次数。这是一个基本的维度,因为它从来没有放弃这个必要性。它用几乎是我们的任何一种功用,当他计算这些事件时,它暗示被计算的这个特征。那是什么?在这里,你们还依旧听得懂我说些什么吗?

Grasp carefully what I intend to designate, it is the following whose source is easily forgotten: it is that what we are dealing with in the automatism of repetition is the following: a cycle in however amputated, deformed, abraded way we may define it: once it is a cycle and once it involves a return to a terminal point, we can conceive of it on the model of need, of satisfaction.

请仔细理解我打算要指明的,底下的来源很容易被遗忘。在重复的这个自动机制,我们正在处理的东西如下: 我们可以定义它为一个圆圈,以无论是多么残缺,畸形,磨损的方式。一旦它是一个圆圈,一旦它牵涉到回转到一个终端,我们能够构想它,根据需要,根据满足的模式。

This cycle is repeated; it does not matter whether it is altogether the same or whether it presents tiny differences, these tiny differences will manifestly only be constructed in
order to conserve it in its function of cycle as referring to something definable as a certain type through which precisely all the cycles which preceded it are identified in the very instant as being, in so far as they are reproduced, properly speaking the
same.

这个圆圈被重复。它是否完全相同,或是否它呈现细微的差异,并无关紧要。这些细微的差异将会被建构,仅是为了保存它,在它的圆圈的功用,作为提到某件可被定义的东西,作为某种类型。通过这种类型,确实在它前面的所有的圆圈,都在那个瞬间被认同作为生命实存。因为它们被复制,适当来说,都是相同的。

Let us take to depict what I am in the process of telling you the cycle of digestion: every time we go through one, we repeat digestion. Is this what we are referring to when we speak, in analysis, of the automatism of repetition? Is it in virtue of an automatism of repetition that we go through (16) digestions which are tangibly always the same digestion?

让我们从事描述我正在告诉你们消化的这个循环,每一次我们经历一个循环,我们重复消化。这难道不是我们正在提到的东西吗?当我们在精神分析言说,关于重复的这个自动机制?难道不是凭借着重复的自动机制,我们经历各种消化,这些消化具体地说,总是相同的消化?

I will not leave you the opening of saying that up to this it is a sophism. There can be naturally incidents in this digestion which are due to the reminders of old digestions which were disturbed: effects of disgust, of nausea, linked to one another contingent linking of such a food with such a circumstance.

我将不会留下这个把柄,让你们说,直到现在,这一切都是诡辩。在这种理解,当然会有一些意外,这些意外是由于早先的理解的残留物。它们受到扰乱,厌恶的影响,呕吐,互相有关联,这样一种食物跟这样一种情境偶然的关联。

This will not for all that help us to make a step further in the distance to be covered between this return of the cycle and the function of the automatism of repetition.

尽管那样,这将不会帮助我们更深入探讨,在这个循环的这个回转,与重复的这个自动机制之间,应该被经历的距离。

Because what the automatism of repetition means in so far as we have to deal with
it, is the following: the fact is that if a determined cycle which was only that very one – it is here that there is outlined the shadow of the “trauma” which I am putting here only in inverted commas, because it is not its traumatic effect that I hold onto but only its uniquity – this one therefore which is designated by a certain signifier which can only be supported by what we will subsequently learn to define as a letter, the agency
of the letter in the unconscious this big A, the initial A in so far as it is numberable, that this cycle here, and not another is equivalent to a certain signifier, it is in this sense that the behaviour repeats itself in order to make re-emerge this signifier that it is as such, this number that it grounds.

因为重复的这个自动机制的意思是以下,因为我们必须处理它:事实上,假如一个被决定的循环仅是那个循环—就在这里,我在此正在提出的这个「创伤」的阴影被描绘轮廓,仅是以颠倒的逗号,因为我坚持的并不是它的创伤的效应,而仅是它的独特性—因此,被某种能指指明的这个循环,它仅能够被支持,被我们随后学习定义为一个「信息」,这个信息在无意识里的代理,这个大写的A,这个开始的A, 因为它是可数的。这个循环就在这里,没有另外一个能指相等于某个能指。就是这种意义,这个行为重复它自己,为了让这个能指重新出现。这就是它的本身,能指作为基础的这个数字。

If for us symptomatic repetition has a meaning towards which I am redirecting you, reflect on the import of your own thinking. When you speak about repetitive incidence in symptomatic formation, it is in so far as that which is repeated is there, not even just to fulfil the natural function of the sign which is (17) to represent something which is supposed to be actualized here, but to presentify as such the signifier that this action
has become.

假如对于我们,病征的重复拥有一种意义,我正在重新引导你们朝向这个意义,反思你们自己的思想的意义。当你们言说关于重复的意外,在病征的形成。所被重复的东西就在那里,甚至不是为了实现符号的这个自然的功用,这个符号是要代表某件被认为在此被实现的东西,但是为了代表这个行动已经成为的这个能指的本身。

I am saying that it is in so far as what is repressed is a signifier that this cycle of real behaviour is presented in its place. It is here, since I have imposed on myself to give a
precise and convenient time limit for a certain number of you to what I should present before you, that I will stop. As for the confirmation and the commentaries that all of this requires, you can count on me to give them to you in what follows in the most
appropriately articulated fashion, however astonishing their abruptness may have appeared to you, when I exposed them to you just now.

我正在说,所被潜抑的,就是真实行为的这个循环,被呈现代替它的一个能指。就在这里,因为我指定我自己,要给予一个明确而方便的时间限制,对于我应该在你们面前呈现的,为了你们有些人,我将停止。至于这一切所要求的验证与评论,你们能够信任我会给予你们,随后会以最合适的表述方式,无论你们感觉起来,它的突兀会很令人惊奇,如同我刚才跟你们显示的。

32hsiung@pchome.com.tw
https://springhero.wordpress.com

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