sinthome 39

sinthome 39

Jacques Lacan
雅克 拉康

Le Sinthome
圣征

B. Seminar 10: Wednesday 13 April 1976

Good, as usual, as usual I have something to tell you. Can you hear? Good, so then that’s it, this thing isn’t working! Is it working now? What? What’s happening? It’s working.

呵呵,像平常一样,我有某件事情告诉你们。你们听得见吗?呵呵,那就是了。这个东西坏了!它现在不能用?怎么?发生怎么了?现在可以了。

As usual I have something to tell you. But I would like, like that, today, I would like because, like that, I have an opportunity – its my birthday [applause] – I would like to be able to verify whether, whether I know, whether I know what I am saying.

像平常一样,我有某件东西告诉你。但是我想要,像今天那样,我想要,因为我有一个机会—今天是我生日。我想要能够验证,是否我知道,是否我知道我正在说什么。

After all, saying aims at being understood.

毕竟,说的目标是朝著被了解。

I would like to verify in short whether, whether I am not being satisfied with talking for myself. As everyone else, as everyone else does, of course. If the unconscious has a meaning, it is indeed that. I say: if the unconscious has a meaning.

总之,我想要证实是否我满意我自己的谈论。像每个其他人一样,像每个其它人一样,当然。假如无意识拥有意要,那的确是那样。我说,假如无意识有意义。

I would prefer then that today someone – I am not asking for many, I am not at all asking that, that the spark should shoot forth – I would have liked, no doubt, that, that someone would write, would write something which, which in short would justify, would justify this trouble that I have been taking for, about twenty two years, a little more. The only way of justifying it would be, would be if someone were to invent something that could be of use to me. I have got it into my head that this is possible.

我因此宁愿,今天有某个人,我并不要求有许多人,我根本就没有要求,应该火光四射。我本来想要,无可置疑的,某个人将会书写,将会书写某件东西,总之,那会证实,我一直在从事的麻烦,大约二十二年来,稍微多一点。唯一的方式证实它,假如有人想要发明某件东西,那将对我们有用途。我曾经想过,这是可能的。

I invented what, what is written, is written as the real.

我发明所被书写为实在界的东西。

Naturally, it is not enough to write it Real. Because quite a few people have done it before me. But I have written this Real in the form of what is called the Borromean knot, which is not a knot, (148) which is a chain, a chain having certain properties. And in the minimal form in which I have traced out this chain, there must be at least three of them, the Real, the Real is that.

当然,光是书写实在界是不足够的。因为在我之前,很多人曾经做过。但是我曾经书写实在界,以我所谓的博罗米恩环结。这并不是一个环结,这是一个锁链。这一个锁链拥有某些的特性。以最小量的形式,我曾追踪这条锁链。至少必须有三个。实在界是其中之一。

This is what consists in calling one of these three: Real. That means here that
there are three elements. And that these three elements, in short, said to be knotted, in reality enchained, constitute a metaphor.

这就是所谓的这三个其中之一。那在此意味着,有三个要素。这三个要素,总之,据说是有环结,实际上,被锁链著,形成一个比喻。

It is nothing more, of course, than metaphor of the chain.

当然,那仅仅是锁链的比喻。

How can there be a metaphor of something that, that is only number? Because of that this metaphor is called the figure (chiffre).

如何可能会有某件东西的比喻,那仅是号码吗?因为那样,这个比喻被称为「数目」。

There are a certain number of ways of, of tracing out figures.

有某些的方式来追踪数目。

Anyway, the simplest way is, is the one that I called the unary trait. To make a certain number of strokes (traits), or of points, moreover, and that is enough to indicate a number.

无论如何,最简单的方法,是我称为的这个「单一的特征」。为了形成某些的笔画,或某些的点,那就足够指示一个数目。

There is something important, which is that what is called energetics. It is nothing other than the manipulation of a certain number of numbers, a certain number of numbers from which a constant number is extracted. This was what Freud, in referring himself to science, to science as it was conceived of in his time, to
what Freud referred himself; namely, that he only made a metaphor of it. He never truly, truly founded the idea of a psychic energetics.

有某件重要的东西,这就是所谓的「能源学」。这实实在在是某些数目的操控,从某些的数目,抽出一个固定的常数。这就是弗洛伊德提到科学时,提到他当代所构想的科学,提到弗洛伊德自己所提到的,换句话说,他仅是用它来当作比喻。他从来没有真实地创建一个「心理能源学」的观念。

He would not even, he would not even have been able to make the metaphor hold up, make the metaphor hold up with some degree of verisimilitude. The idea of a constant, for example, between, linking the stimulus to what he called the response, is something completely unsustainable.

他甚至,他甚至不能够让这个比喻维持下去,让这个比喻维持在某个程度的起伏之内。譬如,一个常数的观念,处于他所谓的反应的刺激,是某件完全无法维持的东西。

In the metaphor of the chain, of the Borromean chain, I am saying that I invented something. What does it mean to invent? Is it an idea? That this does not prevent you, all the same, trying in a moment to ask me a question that, that recompenses me. That
recompenses me not for the effort that I am making for the moment because, precisely, what I think, what I am thinking for the moment, is that what I am telling you, for the moment, does not have much chance of getting a response.

在这个锁链的比喻,博罗米恩环结的比喻,我正在说,我发明了某件东西。发明是什么意思?这是一个观念吗?这仍然并没有阻止你们,不要一下子就尝试询问我一个问题,那会补偿我。那还补偿我,并不是因为我目前正在做的努力,因为确实地,我所想的,我目前正在想的是,我正在告诉你们的东西。目前,我并没有多少机会获得回答。

Is this idea of the Real an idea? I mean, as it is, as it is inscribed in what is called the Borromean knot. Which, I underline, is a chain. It is not an idea. It is not an idea that can be sustained (149) because it is here in short that one can touch that the idea,
the idea that comes like that, the idea that comes when, when one is lying down, because when all is said and done, it is that, the idea at least reduced to its analytic value, is an idea that comes to you when you are lying down.

实在界的这个观念是一个观念吗?我的意思是,事实上,它被铭记在所谓的博罗米恩环结。我强调,这是一个锁链。这并不是一个观念。这并不是一个能够被维持的观念,因为总之就在这里,我们能够碰触到,这个观念,这个观念就像那样来临。当我们正躺下来,因为当一切都说都做了,这个观念至少会被沦落到精神分析的价值。这个观念,当你们躺下来时,会降临你们身上。

Whether one is lying down or standing up, the chain effect that one gets by writing is not easy to think about.

是否为们正在躺下,或正在站起,我们用书写获得的连锁效应,并不容易思考。

I mean that, in my experience at least, it is not at all easy to say how a chain, a chain composed of a certain number of elements, even by reducing them to three, is not all that easy to imagine, is not all that easy to write.

我的意思是,至少在我的精神分析经验,我们并不容易说,一个锁链,一个锁链是如何由某些的要素所组成,即使将它们化简为三,这还是不容易想象。还是不容易书写。

And it would be better to be broken in to it beforehand in order to be sure of succeeding of giving it a written form. This is very exactly what you have had a thousand times a testimony of by me, in the errors, indeed the slips of the pen that I have made a hundred times before you in trying to do what? To make a writing. A writing that symbolises this chain.

它最后事先就被分解到里面,为了要能够确定成功地给予一个书写的形式。这确实是我曾经给予你们的上千次的证明,在这些错误里,确实我曾经用笔书写犯过的上百次的错误,在你们面前,当时我尝试要做些什么?为了要形成一种书写,一种象征这个锁链的书写。

I consider that to have stated the Real in question in the form of a writing has the value of what is generally called a trauma. Not that my aim was to traumatise anyone whatsoever, especially, especially my listeners that I have no reason, in short, to have any bad will towards; to have any bad will to the point of causing them what is generally called a trauma. Let us say that it is a forcing.

我认为,曾经陈述这个受到质疑的实在界,以一种书写的形式,它拥有通常所谓的创伤的价值。倒不是因为我的目标是要让任何人都遭受创伤,特别是我的听众,总之,我没有理由对我听众具有恶意,以致于我会引起他们通俗所谓的创伤。让我们说,这是一种强迫性。

A forcing, the forcing of a new writing. A writing which, through metaphor, has a bearing. A bearing that must be called symbolic.

一种强迫性,一种书写的强迫性。通过比喻,一种书写具有一种关系,这种关系必须称为符号界。

It is the forcing of a new type, as I might say, of idea which is not an idea that flourishes, in a way, spontaneously by the simple fact, by the simple fact of what in short makes meaning sense; namely, by the Imaginary.

这种一种新的强迫性,我不妨这样说,这个观念并不是很興盛的观念。在某方面,它根据这个简单的事实,根据总之,让意义具有意义,也就是以想象界让它具有意义。

Nor is it the case either that it is something altogether foreign. I would even say more, it is what, what allows, what renders tangible, what allows us to put a finger on, but in a quite illusory way, what may be, what may be what is called reminiscence
(réminiscence). Reminiscence consists in, in imagining in connection with, with something which plays the function of idea, but which is not one, one imagines that one reminisces it, if I can express myself thus.

它也不是完全是陌生的东西的这种情况。我甚至更进一步说,它容许我们让它具体化,让我们能够理解。但是以一种相当幻见到方式,理解所谓的「回顾」。「回顾」在于想象跟某件扮演观念功用的东西有关。但并不是我们想象,我们回顾它,假如容许我这样表达。

雄伯译
32hsiung@pchome.com.tw
https://springhero.wordpress.com

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