可能不是類似 217d

可能不是類似 217d

On a Discourse that might not be a semblance


Jacques Lacan
雅克 拉康

Seminar 4: Wednesday 17 February 1971

There is no more free association than one could say that a variable linked to a mathematical function is free, and the function defined by analytic discourse is obviously not free, it is bound, it is bound by conditions that I will rapidly designate as those of the analytic consulting room. At what distance is my analytic discourse as it is here defined by this written arrangement, at what distance is it from the analytic consulting room, this is precisely what constitutes what we will call my disagreement with a certain number of analytic consulting rooms.


So then this definition of analytic discourse, to highlight where I am, does not appear to them to be adapted to the conditions of the psychoanalytic consulting room. Now, what my discourse outlines, or at least delivers, is one part of the conditions that constitute the analytic consulting room. Just measure what one does when one goes into analysis, it is something that indeed has its importance, but in any case as far as I am concerned, is indicated by the fact that I always undertake numerous of preliminary conversations.


A pious person that I will not designate otherwise found, it appears, according to the latest news, anyway news three months old, at least it was an unsustainable wager for her to ground transference on the subject supposed to know, because moreover the method implies that it is sustained by a total absence of prejudice as regards a case. The subject supposed to know what, then? I would allow myself to ask this person, if the psychoanalyst should be supposed to know what he is doing, and if he effectively does it?


Starting from there, starting from there one will understand that I pose my questions on transference in a certain way, in The direction of the treatment for example, which is a text to which I see with pleasure in my school (63) something new is happening. The fact is that in my school people are starting to work as a school, this is all the same a step that is new enough to be noted. I was able to note not without pleasure
that people had seen that in this text, I do not in any way settle what is involved in transference. It is very precisely by saying the subject supposed to know, as I define it, that the question is…remains untouched as to whether the analyst can be supposed to know what he is doing.


13.1.71 I 80
To take it up in a way at the start, the start of what today is going to be stated, and for which this little Chinese character because this is one, it is one of them, I greatly regret that the chalk did not allow me to put in the accents that the brush would allow, it is one of them which has a meaning, to satisfy the requirement of the logical
positivists, a meaning which you are going to see is completely ambiguous because it means at the same time twisted (retors) that it also means personal in the sense of private.


And then there are still other ones. But what appears remarkable to me, is its written form, and its written form is going to allow me to tell you immediately where there are placed the terms around which my discourse today is going to turn.


If we place here somewhere (1) what I am calling in the broadest sense – you are going to see that it is broad…I should say that I have no need, it seems to me, to underline it – the effects of language, it is here (2) that we will have to put what is involved, where they find their source. Where they find their source, is in the fact that analytic discourse reveals something which, which is a step, I tried to recall it,
even though what is at stake for analysis is primary truth. It is with this that I am going to begin right away. We would have here then (3) the fact of writing.

(64) It is very important at our epoch, and starting from certain statements that have been made and that tend to establish very regrettable confusions, to recall that all the same writing is not the first step but the second with respect to a whole function of language, and that nevertheless without writing, it is in no way possible to come
back and question what results in the first place from the effect of language as such, in other words the symbolic order, namely the dimension, to please you, but you know that I introduced the term of demansion the demansion, the residence, the locus of the Other of truth. I know that this demansion raised a question for some people, echoes have come back to me, well then, if demansion is in effect a term, a new term that I fabricated and if it still has no meaning, well then, that means that it is up to you to give it one.

To question the demansion of the truth, of the truth in its dwelling place, is something, here is the term, the novelty of what I am introducing today, which can only be done by writing, and by writing in so far as it is only from writing that logic is established.


This is what I am introducing at this point of my discourse this year. There is no
logical question unless it starts from writing, in so far as writing is precisely not language. And this is why I stated that there is no metalanguage, that writing itself in so far as it is distinguished from language is there to show us that, if it is from writing that language is questioned, it is precisely in so far as writing is not it, but that it only
constructs itself, only fabricates itself from its reference to language.


After having posited this which has the advantage of opening up to you my perspective, my project, I start again from something which concerns this point, this point which is of the order of this surprise to which there is signalled the effect of retrogression by which I have tried to define the junction between truth and knowledge, and that I stated in these terms that there is no sexual relationship in the
speaking being.



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