歎異抄 03

THE TANNISHO:
歎異抄 03

Prologue
序言

Kentetsu Takamori
高森顯徹英譯

Even a good person can be born in the Pure Land: how much more so an evil persona!

甚至好人都能夠往生淨土:何況是惡人呢?

Although this is the truth, people commonly say, “ Even an evil person can be born in the Pure Land, so naturally a good person can.” This way of thinking seems reasonable at first, but it goes against Amida’s intention in making the Vow. Amida Buddha saw that human beings are each a mass of blind passions, desperately evil without a hope of salvation, and so he promised, “ Entrust yourselves to me; I will save you without fail. Yet “ good people ” think in their vanity that they can resolve the question of their eternal fate through the good that they do, doubting the Primal Vow that Amida made after he discerned how completely evil humans are. Such people have no intention of thrusting themselves entirely to Amida. Therefore they are not in accord with Amida’s Vow; they are not objects of the Vow.

雖然這是真實,人們普通會說:「甚至惡人能夠往生淨土,好人當然能夠。」這種思維方式乍然聽起來有道理,但是這並不是阿彌陀佛發這個誓願的本意。阿彌陀佛看到,人類個個都是冒目激情的實體,邪惡重大到沒有救贖的希望。所以他承諾:「將你們的信任放在我身上。我一定會拯救你們。」可是好人虛驕地認為透過他們所做的善行,他們能夠解決他們永生的問題,懷疑阿彌陀佛的發誓的本願,在他覺察出人類是徹地的邪惡。這樣的人是沒有意圖將他們自己完全信任給阿彌陀佛。因此,他們跟阿彌陀佛的誓願,並不相一致。他們並不是誓願的對象。

But even such people, once they have become astonished at their true nature as perceived by Amida Buddha and left the question of their eternal fate in his hands, are assured of birth in the Pure Land after death.

但是甚至這樣的人,一旦他們對於阿彌陀佛所覺察他們自己真實的本性,大吃一驚,然後將他們永生的問題信託給阿彌陀佛的手中。他們確定會在死亡之後,在淨土往生。

It is impossible for us, filled with blind passions as we are, to free ourselves from the suffering of birth and death through any practice whatever. Amida took pity on our condition and made his Primal Vow with the purpose of ensuring that evil people will attain buddhahood. Therefore it is precisely evil people, those who recognize that they have no hope of salvation and so entrust themselves to other-power., who are the real focus of Amida’s Vow.

由於我們人類煩惱具足,我們不可能僅是憑藉任何修行,解脫我們自己,免於生死的痛苦。阿彌陀佛憐憫我們的情況,發出他的本願,為了要保證惡人將會成佛。因此,確實是惡人,那些體認出他們沒有希望獲得拯救,然後將他們信託給他力。他力是阿彌陀佛誓願的焦點。

This is why the master said that since even a virtuous person can be born in the Pure Land, so without question can one who is evil.

這就是為什麼親鸞聖人說,甚至善人都能往生淨土,無可置疑的,惡人也能夠。

This is what the master said.

這就是親鸞聖人說。

雄伯曰:「甚至善人都能往生淨土,無可置疑的,惡人也能夠。」這句話從一般邏輯觀念來說,真是讓人費解。經過這一番解說,才讓人恍然大悟:這是親鸞的他力觀念,跟一般自力修行或行善以得救的佛教,迴然不同的地方。瞭解經文,真是不能斷章取義!

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