Anxiety 100 Jacques Lacan

Anxiety 100

Jacques Lacan
雅克 拉康

THE SEMINAR OF JACQUES LACAN
BOOK X
雅克、拉康研討會第十冊

ANXIETY 論焦慮

1962 – 1963
Seminar 14: Wednesday 13 March 1963

Did it not strike you that I spoke to you about the breast or the eyes, making these objects o start from Zurbaran, from Lucy and Agatha, where they present themselves under what I might call a (8) positive form? These breasts and these eyes that I showed you there on the plate on which the two worthy saints carry them, or even on the bitter soil where Oedipus’ feet carry him, appear here with a sign different from the one I showed you subsequently in the phallus as specified by the fact that at a certain level of the animal order jouissance coincides with detumescence, pointing out to you that there is nothing necessary about this, necessary nor linked to the Wesenheit, the essence of the organism, in the Goldsteinien sense of the word.

你們難道不肅然動容?當我們跟你們談論的關於這個乳房,或是眼睛,將這些客體,從蘇巴朗,從露西及阿甘撒的圖畫中栩栩如生。他們表現自己,以我所謂的積極的形式。我顯示給你們看,盤子上的這些乳房跟這些眼睛,由兩位高貴的聖人端著盤子,甚至在骯髒的泥地上,伊底普斯的腳支撐他站立的地方。這些乳房跟這些眼睛出現在這裏,給予的訊息不同於我隨後給予你們的訊息,陽具的明確意義是,在動物秩序的某個層次上,歡爽跟消腫不謀而合。我跟你們指出說,根本沒有必要是這樣,它跟性高潮的本質有必要的關聯,以高斯坦的話來說。

At the level of o, it is because the phallus, the phallus in so far as it is, in copulation, not alone the instrument of desire, but an instrument functioning in a certain fashion, at a certain animal level, it is for this reason that it presents itself in the position o with a (-) sign.

在這個客體的層次,這個陽具在性的交媾時,不僅是欲望的工具,而且是以某種方式運作在某個動物層次的工具。因為這個理由,它呈現它自己,有一個負面意義的減號。

This is essential to articulate clearly, to differentiate,
something that is important here, from castration anxiety, from what functions in the subject at the end of an analysis when what Freud designates as a castration threat is maintained there.

這是很重要的,讓我們清楚地表達,區別某件在此很重要的東西,跟閹割的焦慮不一樣,跟生命的主體在精神分析結束時的功用不同,當佛洛伊德指明它是一種閹割的威脅所維持的東西。

If there is something which allows us to put our finger on the fact that this is a point that can be gone beyond, that it is absolutely not necessary that the subject remains suspended when he is a male at the castration threat, suspended, when she is of the other sex at Penisneid, it is precisely this distinction.

假如有某個東西能夠讓我們指出這個事實:有某一點能夠被超越過去,那就是,對於這個閹割的威脅,當他是個男人,或當她在陽具羡慕上,是女人,生命的主體,絕對沒有必要一直被懸置在那裏。確實就是這個區別。

To know how we could go beyond this limiting point, what must be known, this is why an analysis guided in a certain direction culminates at this impasse through which the negative which marks the physiological functioning of copulation in the human being finds itself promoted to the level of the subject in the shape of an irreducible lack. This is what will be found again subsequently as a question, as a direction of our path, and I think it is important to have marked it here.

為了要知道,我們如何能夠超越這個限制點,我們必須要知道什麼。這確實是為什麼,朝某個方向引導的精神分析經驗,會在這個僵局達到高潮。透過這個僵局,這個負面標示交媾在生理上的功用,人類發現自己被提升到這個層次:生命的主體呈現不可化簡單欠缺。這就是我們隨後將會再一次發現的,作為一個問號,作為我們探討途徑的方向。我認為在這裏標示出來是很重要的。

What I subsequently contributed during our last meeting, is the articulation of two very important points concerning sadism and masochism, the essential of which I resume here for you, the essential that it is altogether capital to maintain, to sustain, in so far as by holding onto it, you can give their full meaning to the very elaborated things that are said in the current state of things about what is involved, namely sadism and masochism.

在我上一次的講座,我後來所提供的東西,就是表達兩個要點,關於虐待狂跟受虐狂。它們的重點,我在此再重述一下。重點是,這是非常重要的,你們要以緊握它的方式,維持它,支援它。這樣你們才能給予它們充份的意義,對於事情的目前狀態,我們所說的這些複雜的東西,關於所牽涉到的內容,也就是說,虐待狂跟受虐狂。

What is to be retained in what I enounced there concerns at first masochism, as regards which you can see that, if the authors have really labored a great deal to the point of taking very far, so (9) far that something I read recently here, was able to surprise me myself, I will mention later an author who took things to my surprise, I must say to my joy also, as close as possible to the point that I will attempt this year, from our own angle here, to lead to you as regards masochism.

我在那裏所宣佈的內容,應該被保留的部份,首先跟受虐狂有關。關於這一點,你們能夠看出,假如作者曾經用功甚勤,一直進展,進展到我最近在這裏閱讀的東西,會讓我自己大吃一驚。我以後會提到一位作者,他確實讓我嚇了一大跳。我也必須興高采烈地說,儘可能到達這個程度,我今年企圖要做的事。從我們在此的角度,關於受虐狂,我要引導你們去的地方。

The fact remains that this very article, whose title I will give you later, remains, like all the others, strictly incomprehensible for the simple reason that already at the beginning there is in a way elided, because it is there indeed absolutely under his nose, as one might say, from the evidence, something that I am going to enunciate in a moment. People try, people manage to avoid putting the accent on that which, at first approach, involves, collides most with our
finalism, namely the intervention of the function of pain.

這個事實始終存在。這篇文章,它的篇名,我等一下會給你們,像所有其他的文章一樣,完全是不可理解的。理由很簡單,在開始的那個地方,就已經有某種方式的忽略。我們不妨說,有某件東西出現他絕對是兩眼睽睽之下,彰彰在目,我馬上就要跟你們表達的東西。人們設法,人們設法逃避強調它,當我首次接近它,會牽涉到,會遭遇到我們的死亡宿命論。換句話說,痛苦的功用的介入。

This, people have managed to understand, is not the essential thing.

人們曾經成功地瞭解到,這並不是必然要發生的事。

Also people have succeeded, thank God, in an experience like that of analysis, in seeing that the Other is aimed at, that in the transference one can perceive that these masochistic manoeuvres are situated at a level which are not without a relationship to the Other.

感謝上帝,像我們這樣的精神分析經驗,人們也成功地看出,我們的目標是朝著大它者。在移情時,我們能夠感覺到,這些受虐狂的策略位置的層次,跟大它者並不是沒有關係。

Naturally many other authors take advantage of it to go no
further, to jump on an insight whose superficial character can be seen at a glance, however handy it has shown itself to be in certain cases. For having only arrived at this level, one cannot say that the function of narcissism, which an author who is not without a certain talent for presentation, Ludwig
Heidelberg, has emphasised, is something that can suffice for us.

當然,許多其他的作者善加利用後,就不再往前探究,就欣然接受一種洞見。這個洞見的浮淺的特性,我們瞥一眼,就能看出,無論在某種的情況,它表現得多麼靈巧炫目。有一位作者,陸維格、汗德波曾經強調,他並非沒有演示的天才:當我們已經到達這個層次後,我們不能夠只將它歸屬於自戀狂的功用,就心滿意足。

陳春雄譯
32hsiung@pchome.com.tw

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