Anxiety 94 Jacques Lacan

Anxiety 94

Jacques Lacan
雅克 拉康

THE SEMINAR OF JACQUES LACAN
BOOK X
雅克、拉康研討會第十冊

ANXIETY 論焦慮

1962 – 1963

Seminar 13: Wednesday 6 March 1963

Is it not the occasion to notice a certain number of outstanding
features which I would wish, as best I can and pushing my plough
in front of me, to introduce you to. Because the breasts, since
we have them there for example on Saint Agatha’s plate, is it not an opportunity to reflect, since – it has been said already a long time ago – anxiety appears in separation; but then – we see it clearly – if they are separable objects, they are not separable by chance like the leg of a grasshopper, they are separable because they already have, as I might say, very sufficiently, anatomically a certain stuck on character, they are hung there.

這難道不就是這個場合,讓我們注意到某些傑出的特徵,我殫精竭力,孜孜從事地跟你們介紹的東西?因為這些乳房,如同我們在聖、阿甘撒的盤子上看到例子,(這難道不是可以讓我們有一個反思的機會?)很久以前就有人說過:分離時,焦慮會出現。但是然後我們會清楚地看出,假如它們的可分開的客體,它們並不是意外地被分開,如同蚱蜢的腳。它們可以被分開,是因為在解剖學上,它們已經充份具有某種依存度特性,它們被懸掛在那裏,我不妨這樣說。

This very particular character of certain anatomical parts completely specifies a sector of the animal scale, the one that one calls precisely, not without reason, it is even rather curious that this quite essential, properly speaking signifying character of this trait has been noticed; because after all it seems that there are more structural things than the mammary to designate a certain animal grouping which has many other traits of homogeneity through which it could be designated.

某些解剖學的器官的這個特別的性質,完全指明這個動物層次的部份。我們有足夠的理由,確實可以稱為是,這個特徵的意符化的特性已經受到注意,適當來說,它如此的重要是耐人尋味的。畢竟,在這個乳房腺之外,還有更多的結構性的東西,指明某一種動物的群集,具有許多其他同質性的特徵。透過這些特徵,它能夠被指明出來。

This trait was no doubt chosen, and it was not a mistake. But it is indeed one of the cases where one sees the fact that the objectifying spirit is itself not uninfluenced by the pregnance of psychological functions, I would say, to make myself understood by those who have not yet understood, a certain feature of pregnance which is not simply significant, which induces in us certain significations in which we are very much engaged.

無可置疑的,這個特徵是被選擇出來,而且並非是錯誤的選擇。但是這確實是這些個案之一,在這些個案裏,我們看到這個事實,這個客體化的精神本身,並非沒有受到這個心理的功用的意涵所影響。容我這樣說,它是為了使自己被人瞭解,被那些還沒有瞭解某種意涵特徵的人。這些意涵的特徵不但很重要,它從我們身上,誘導出某種我們孜孜以求的意義。

Viviparous-oviparous: a division really made to confuse us.
Because all animals are viviparous because they generate eggs in which there is a living being and all animals are oviparous
because there is no vivipar which was not vivipared inside an egg.

胎生跟卵生:生物的這個區分確實是令我們混淆。因為所有的動物都是胎生,因為他們生出蛋卵。但是蛋卵裏有生命的物質,所有的生物,也可以說都是卵生,因為沒有一個胎囊,不是蛋卵裏的胎囊。

But why not really give all its importance to this fact which is really completely analogous to this breast which I earlier spoke to you about, that for the eggs which have a certain time of intrauterine life, there is this element, irreducible to the division of the egg in itself, which is called the placenta, that there is here also something stuck on and that in a word it is not so much the child who pumps milk from the mother as the breast, just as it is the existence of the placenta which gives to the position of the child inside the body of the mother its characteristics – sometimes manifested on a pathological plane – of parasitic nesting.

為什麼不真正重視這個事實?這個事實類同我早先跟你們談論過的這個乳房。這些蛋卵有某段時間是生活在子宮裏的生命。這裏的這個因素,無法化簡到成為蛋卵被身的區分,被稱為是胎盤。在此,也有某件東西被依附在上面。總之,並不是嬰孩從母親的乳房在吸取,而是胎盤存在的本身,給予嬰孩在母親子宮之內的位置,具有它的特性。有時候會以病理的層次,展現出來,那就是寄生的巢窩。

You see where I intend to put the emphasis: on the privilege at a certain level of elements that we could quality as amboceptors.

你們看出,我強調的重點在哪里。某些層次的元素,具有特權,我們能夠給予的特質是「細胞介體」。

On what side is this breast? On the side of the one who sucks or on the side of the one who is sucked? And after all I am doing nothing here other than reminding you of something that
effectively analytic theory was led to, namely to speak, I would not say indifferently, but with ambiguity in certain sentences, of the breast or of the mother, underlining of course that it is not the same thing. But has everything been said when the breast is qualified as a partial object?

這個乳房位在哪一邊?它是位於吸取的這一邊,還是被吸取的一邊?畢竟,我在此所做的道道地地就是要提醒你們,某件有效地精神分析理論所導致的某件東西。換句話說,我不願意談論到乳房,或是母親的乳房,是這樣的冷靜,但是在某些句子了,會有些的模糊曖昧。當然,這是在強調,它們的情況並不相同。但是我們將乳房的特質定位為部份的客體,這樣就說盡了一切嗎?

When I say amboceptor, I am underlining that it is as necessary
to articulate the relationship of the maternal subject to the
breast as that of the suckling to the breast.

當我說到「細胞介體」,我是在強調,我們必須要表達母親的生命主體跟乳房的關係,如同我們必須表達吸取跟乳房的關係。

The cut does not happen in the same place for the two; there are two cuts so distant that they even leave different residues (dechets) for the two. Because the cutting of the cord for the child leaves separated from him droppings (chutes) which are called the envelopes. This is homogeneous with himself and in continuity with his ectoderm and his endoderm.

對於這兩者而言,這個切割發生的位置並不一樣。這兩種切割距離如此遠,以致於它們甚至留下兩個不同的遺跡。對於嬰孩,臍帶的切割留在垂帶跟身體分開。這被稱為卵囊。這跟他自己是同質性,跟隨他的外胚層與內胚層延續下去。

The placenta is not particularly involved in the affair. For the mother, the cut is placed at the level of the dropping of the placenta, that is even the reason why these are called des caduques and the decay (caducite) of this object o is here what constitutes its function.

胎盤並沒有特別牽涉到這個事情。對於母親而言,這個切割被放置在胎盤的垂帶動的層次,那甚至是這個理由,為什麼這些被稱我「蛻膜」。這個客體的退化在此就是組成它的功用的東西。

Well then, all of this is not meant to make you revise
immediately some of the relations deduced, imprudently deduced from a hasty sketching of what I am calling the line of separation where there is produced the dropping, the niederfalien typical of the approach of an o which is nevertheless more essential to the subject than any other part of himself.

所有這些並不是打算要用來讓你們立刻修正所被推論的關係,我所謂的分離的脈絡的粗略的描繪,所形成的粗略推論。在這個分離的脈絡,這個垂帶被產生,一個小客體的接近的典型代表。可是,對於生命的主體,這個小客體比他自己身上的任何其他部份,都更重要。

(13) But for the moment to make you steer straight towards what is essential, namely for you to perceive where this questioning leads, to the level of castration.

目前的用途是要讓你們直接引導,朝向基本的東西。換句話說,要讓你們感覺到,這個質疑會引導到哪里?引導到閹割的層次。

陳春雄譯
32hsiung@pchome.com.tw

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s


%d bloggers like this: