Anxiety 93 Jacques Lacan

Anxiety 93

Jacques Lacan
雅克 拉康

THE SEMINAR OF JACQUES LACAN
BOOK X
雅克、拉康研討會第十冊

ANXIETY 論焦慮

1962 – 1963

Seminar 13: Wednesday 6 March 1963

Only this is the very thing which ought to make us
suspicious. What the sadist seeks in the Other – because it is quite clear that for him the Other exists and it is not because he takes him as object that we ought to say that there is some relationship or other that we could call immature or again, as it is put, pregenital, the Other is absolutely essential and this indeed is what I wanted to articulate when I gave you my seminar on Ethics by bringing together Sade and Kant, the essential putting into question of the Other which goes so far as to simulate, and not by chance, the requirements of the moral law, which are indeed there to show us that the reference to the Other as such forms part of his aim – what is he searchinq for there?

只是這就是應該使我們起疑的地方。虐待狂在大它者身上所尋求的,因為對他而言這是顯而易見,大它在確實存在。倒不是他將他當著是客體,我們才應該立刻說,有某種的關係,我們能夠稱為不成熟,或是屬於生殖器之前,因為如我們所言,大它者絕對是必要的,這確實是我所要表達,當我跟你們發表精神分析學到倫理學,將薩德跟康德聚攏在一起。重點是要置疑大它者,它過份到要模擬道德法則的要求,而且還不是偶然發生。這個道德法則的要求確實在那裏跟我們顯示:提到大它者本身就形成他的目標的一部份。他在哪里追尋什麼?

It is here that the texts, the texts that we can hold onto, I (10) mean those which give some hold on an adequate critique,
take on their value, of course, a value signaled by the
strangeness of some moments, of some detours which in a way
detach themselves, explode with respect to the line that is being followed.

就在這裏,文本,我們能夠掌握的文本,我是指能夠從事充份批判的文本,從事他們的價值,當然,一種在某些時刻的陌生感所傳達的價值,某種的迂迴。在某方面,他們疏離自己,關於他們所追尋的途徑,他們訊速擴大。

I will leave you to search in Juliette, even in the
One hundred and twenty days, these few passages where the
characters, completely occupied in slaking on these chosen
victims their greed for torments, enter into this bizarre,
singular and curious trance, indicated, I repeat, on several
occasions in the text of Sade, which is expressed in these
strange words, in effect that it is necessary for me to
articulate here: “I had,” cries the tormentor, “I had the skin of the cunt”.

我勸告你們去閱讀薩德的「朱麗忒」,甚至是「索多瑪一百二十天」的這幾個段落。那些人物完全從事與在這些被選擇的受害者身上,減弱他們對於折磨的貪心,進入這個古怪,奇特而難以理解的狂喜。我重複一遍,它們在薩德的文本的好幾個場合,被指示出來。以這些奇怪的話語。事實上,我需要在這裏表達:「我有」,執行折磨者叫著:「我有陰道騷癢難當」。

This is not a feature which is obvious along the track of the
imaginable, and the privileged character, the moment of
enthusiasm, the character of supreme trophy brandished at the
high point of the chapter is something which, I believe, is
sufficiently indicative of the following: it is that something is sought which is in a way the reverse (l’envers) of the subject, which takes on here its signification from this feature of the glove turned inside-out which underlines the feminine essence of the victim.

這並不是想像途中顯而易見的一個特徵,這個具有特權的人物,在熱情的時刻,在這個章節的高潮,被展現的崇高戰利品的特性,我相信是充份指示著底下:某件東些被尋求。這個東西是生命主體的倒轉,它在此形成它的意義,就像是手套從裏面翻轉。它強調受害者的女性的本質。

It is the passage to the outside of what is most hidden that is involved; but let us observe at the same time that this moment is in a way indicated in the text itself as being totally impenetrated by the subject, allowing there precisely to be masked here the trait of his own anxiety.

這就是牽涉到的最隱秘的東西,被翻轉到外面的過程。但是讓我們同時觀察到,在某方面,這個時刻在本文中被指示著,是生命的主體所無法完全貫穿,讓他自己焦慮的特徵在此確實能夠被遮蔽。

In a word, if there is something for that matter which evokes how little light we can throw on the truly sadistic relationship, that the form of explanatory texts turn aside from the phantasy, if there is something that they suggest to us, it is in a way the instrumental character to which the function of the agent is reduced.

在某方面,假如有某件東西,就那件事情而言,牽涉到我們能夠稍微啟明到這個真正虐待狂的關係,這些解釋性的文本從幻見由裏面向外面翻轉的形式,假如有某件東西,它們跟我們建議,它有某個程度,代理者的功用被化簡到。具有工具性的特性

That which in a way is hidden, except in a flash, the aim of his action, is the work aspect of his operation. He also has a relationship with God, this is what is exposed everywhere in Sade’s text. He cannot take a step forward without this reference to the supremely wicked being and it is just as
clear for him as for the one who is speaking that it is God that is involved.

在某方面隱藏的東西,除了在一瞬間,他的行動的目標,就是他的運作的工作部份。他跟上帝也有一層的關係,這就是在薩特的文本,處處顯現的東西。他每向前進展一步,必然會引述到這個邪惡到神聖的存在。對他而言,這同樣顯而易見的,正在談話的這個人,牽涉到的是上帝。

For his part he goes to all sorts of exhausting trouble, even to the extent of missing his goal, to realise – which, thank God, it has to be said, Sade spares us having to reconstruct, for he articulates it as such – to realise the jouissance of God.

就他而言,他殫精竭力,甚至迷失目標,就是要體會到,我的天,我非說不可,薩德替我們節省下必須我們重建的麻煩,因為他清楚地表達如下:就是要體會到上帝的歡爽。

I think I have shown you here the game of occultation through
which anxiety and object, in the one and in the other, are
(11) brought to the forefront, one at the expense of the other
term, but how also in the structures there is designated, there
is declared the radical link between anxiety and this object in so far as it falls. In that very way its essential function is approached, its decisive function as remainder of the subject, the subject as a real. Undoubtedly this invites us to look again, to place a greater accent on the reality of these objects.

我認為我在此曾經跟你們顯示神秘主體的遊戲。透過這個遊戲,焦慮跟客體,此與彼,被展現到前臺,焦慮出現,客體就退下,反之亦然。但是在這個結構當中,焦慮跟這個客體的密切關係,在彼此互相退下時,也被指示及彰顯得昭然若揭。就是以那種方式,它的基本的功用被達成,它的決定性的功用,作為生命主體的殘餘物,生命主體作為真實界。無可置疑的,這邀請我們再一次觀看,更加強調這些客體的這現實性。

And in moving on to this following chapter, I cannot fail to
remark the degree to which this real status of objects, already
nevertheless located for us, has been left to one side, been
badly defined by people who would nevertheless like to consider themselves as the biologising reference points and bearings of psychoanalysis for you.

當我們轉移到這個以下的章節,我一定要談論到,客體充當真實界,成功到什麼程度。那些想要以為自己是你們的精神分析學的大師及崇拜偶像的人,已經跟我們指出,這些客體充當真實界的地位,然後將真實界擺放一旁,用客體跟它下定義。

陳春雄譯
32hsiung@pchome.com.tw

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s


%d bloggers like this: