sinthome 14 Jacques Lacan

sinthome 14

Jacques Lacan
雅克 拉康

Le Sinthome

Seminar 3: Wednesday16 December 1975

It is in as much as one of the two couples are distinguished from this specific knot by a different colour, to take up the term I used earlier, it is in so far as there is a link of the symptom to something particular in this set of four, it is, in a word, in as far (Fig III-7) – we do not know if it is this one or that one- it is in as much as we have a red-green couple here on the left, a blue-red here on the right, that we have a couple.


And it is in as much as the sinthome is linked to the unconscious and that the Imaginary is linked to the Real that we are dealing with something from which the sinthome emerges.


These are the difficult things that I wanted to state to you today.


Assuredly this deserves a complement, the complement of the reason why here I opened up in a way the knot of three. Why did I give it the shape that you see here, which is not the circular one that is found drawn in the way that you see at the bottom (Fig II- 6).


It results from the fact that with regard to this field, that I already, here noted as JØ, what is at stake is enjoyment (jouissance), the enjoyment not of the Other, because of the fact that I stated that (53) there is no Other of the Other, that there is nothing opposite the Symbolic, locus of the Other as such. That there is no enjoyment of the Other because there is no Other of the Other, and that this is what this Ø means.


The result is that here J Ø, this enjoyment of the Other of the Other which is not possible for the simple reason that there is not, once what results from this that there remains only what is produced in the field, in the flattened out field of the circle of the Symbolic with the circle of the Imaginary which is meaning (fig III-8). And that on the other and what is here indicated, figured, is the relationship, is the relationship of the Symbolic to the Real in as much as from it there emerges what is described as the enjoyment of the phallus.


This is certainly not, in itself, enjoyment that is penile as such, but if we consider what it becomes with respect to the Imaginary, namely, the enjoyment of the double, of the specular image, of the enjoyment of the body qua Imaginary, is the support of a certain number of gaps, and properly speaking constitutes the different objects that occupy it.


On the other hand, the enjoyment described as phallic is situated there, at the conjunction of the Symbolic with the Real. It is in as much that in the subject which is supported by the parlêtre in the sense that this is what I designate as being the unconscious, there is – and it is in this field that phallic enjoyment is inscribed – there
is the power, the power in short summoned, supported, the power of marrying what is involved in a certain enjoyment which, by the fact, by the fact of this word itself, marries an enjoyment experienced, experienced by the fact of the parlêtre, as a parasitic (54) enjoyment, and which is the one described as of the phallus.


This indeed is the one that I inscribe here as a balance to what is involved in meaning, it is the locus of that which, through the parlêtre, is designated in conscience as power.


What dominates, to conclude with something that I suggest you should read, is the fact that the three rings participate in the Imaginary as consistency, in the Symbolic as hole, and in the Real as ex-sisting to them. The three rings then imitate one another. It is all the more difficult to do this in that they do not imitate one another simply. That by the fact of the said, they are arranged in a knot of three. Hence my concern, after having made the discovery that this knot of three was knotted in threes in a Borromean way, I affirmed that if they have preserved themselves free among
themselves, a knot of three, playing in a full application of its texture, ex-sists, which is well and truly the fourth, and which is called the sinthome. Voilà.



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