榮格釋夢 08

 

 

 

 

  榮格釋夢 08

The Psychology and Alchemy by C.G. Jung 心理學與煉金術

Translated by Springhero 雄伯譯

32hsiung@pchome.com.tw

 14. Dream

  The dreamer is in America looking for an employee with a pointed bard. They say that everybody has such an employee.

 

第十四夢

  作夢者在美國尋找一位有尖拱鬍鬚的員工。

 

  America is the land of practical, straightforward thinking, uncontaminated by our European sophistication. The intellect would there be kept, very sensibly, as an employee. This naturally sounds like lese-majeste and might therefore be a serious matter. So it is consoling to know that everyone ( as is always the case in America) does the same. The “ man with a pointed bear” is our time-honored Mephisto whom Faust “ employed” and who was not permitted to triumph over him in the end, despite the fact that Faust had dared to descend into the dark chaos of the historical psyche and steep himself in the ever-changing, seamy side of life that rose up out of that bubbling cauldron.

 

   美國是實際、坦率思考的國度,未受到我們歐洲世故的污染。知性在那裡明智地被保留作為員工。這自然聽起來像是叛逆,因此可能是一件嚴重的事。所以若是知道每個人都是這樣(如同在美國的情形),就令人寬慰。這位「尖拱鬍鬚的人」是我們素來推崇的浮士德所雇用的魔鬼,但是最後不允許戰勝浮士德,儘管浮士德膽敢走進歷史心靈的黑暗渾沌,載浮載沉於生命魔幻展現的千變萬化的罅隙之中。

 

  From subsequent questions it was discovered that the dreamer himself had recognized the figure of Mephistopheles in the “ man with the pointed beard.” Versatility of mind as well as the inventive gift and scientific leanings are attributes of the astrological Mercurius. Hence the man with the pointed beard represents the intellect, which is introduced by the dream as a real familiaris, an obliging if somewhat dangerous spirit. The intellect is thus degraded from the supreme position it once occupied and is put in the second rank, and at the same time branded as daemonic. Not that it had ever been anything but daemonic—only the dreamer had not noticed before how possessed he was by the intellect as the tacitly recognized supreme power. Now he has a chance to view this function, which till then had een the uncontested dominant of his psychic life, at somewhat closer quarters. Well might he exclaim with Faust: “ So that’s what was inside the poodle!” Mephistopheles is the diabolical aspect of every psychic function that has broken loose from the hierarchy of the total psyche and now enjoys independence and absolute power. But this aspect can be perceived only when the function becomes a separate entity and is objectivated or personified, as in this dream.

 

   從隨後的問題,我們發現到,作夢者發現自己認出是扮演尖拱鬍鬚的魔鬼的身影。心靈的多才多藝,天資聰穎及科學傾向,是星相學家摩丘銳斯的特性。因此,這位尖拱鬍鬚的人代表知性,在夢中被介紹當著真實的熟人,一個討人喜歡但是相當危險的精神。因此知性一但被佔據,被置放在次等位置,它就從崇高的地位貶抑下來,同時被污名為魔鬼。倒不是因為它絕非魔鬼,只是作夢者以前沒注意到他如何被知性所掌控,默認是最崇高的力量。現在他有機會以相當近的距離,觀看這個以前在他的心靈佔無可挑戰的優勢的功用。他很有理由像浮士德一樣高喊:「那就是隱藏在子狗身內的魔鬼!」魔鬼是每個心靈功用的惡魔部份,從整體的心靈階層釋放出來,現在享有獨立跟絕對的權力。但是只有當這個功用成為分開的實體,如同在這個夢種被客觀化或個人化,這方面才會被感覺到。

 

  Amusingly enough, the “ man with the pointed beard” also crops up in alchemical literature, in one of the “ Parabolae” contained in the “ Guldenen Tractat vom philosophischen Stein,” written in 1625, which Herbert Silberer has analyzed from a psychological point of view. Among the company of old white-bearded philosophers there is a young man with a black pointed beard. Silberer is uncertain whether he should assume this figure to be the devil.

 

  耐人尋味的是,這位「尖拱鬍鬚的人」也在煉金術的史料中出現,被包括在1625年出版的「煉金術叢書的拋物線章」裡,赫伯、希玻瑞用心理學的觀點加於分析。在這一大群鬍鬚蒼白的哲學家中,有一位年輕人有黑色的尖拱鬍鬚。希玻瑞猶豫要將這位人物當著是惡魔。

 

  Mercurius as quicksilver is an eminently suitable symbol for the “ fluid,” i.e., mobile, intellect. Therefore in alchemy Mercurius is sometimes a “ spirit” and sometimes a “ water,” the so-called aqua permanens, which is none other than argentums vivum.

 

   摩丘銳斯作為水銀,很明顯是「液體」,例如流動的知性的適當象徵。因此在煉金術裡,摩丘瑞斯有時是「精靈」,有時是「水」,就是所謂的水的精靈,就是道地的水神

 

 

 

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