德勒茲001

Deleaze001 德勒茲

See With My Own Eyes: Limitation 親眼看:限制

Translated by Springhero 雄伯

32hsiung@pchome.com.tw

 

   Deleuze does not grant limitation the same vociferous endorsement and rabid attention he lavishes upon production. In Bergsonism, Deleuze sets production at center stage as the movement from virtual to actual. In Nietzsche and Philosophy, production manifests itself boldly in two affirmations. In the work on Spinoza, production energizes power and expression. But limitation, however production determines and defines itself, remains ephemeral and understated. Doubtless. This is part of a writing strategy grasping for adequacy to its own content; Deleuze’s infatuation with writing the positive aspects of difference mirrors the power arrangement within it where definition always follows generation like Tamora comes after Titus. Nonetheless, delimitation remains vital to Deleuze’s idea of difference. Required: a limitation owning itself completely to a generative aspect. Experience must be determined and defined by the same motion that brings the raw force and material of life into being.

 

    德勒茲討論限制不像討論生產那樣疾呼背書,或再三強調。在論「柏克森主義」中,德勒茲將生產視為從虛擬到真實的動作中的中央位置。在論「尼采與哲學」時,生產以兩種肯定大膽地顯示自己。在論史賓諾莎的作品時,生產力量蓬勃,表達旺盛。可是論生產如何決定或界定自己的限制,卻始終閃爍其辭,低調處理。不可諱言,這是寫作策略的一部份,為了掌握貼近內容的準確。德勒茲熱衷於寫作差異的正面效應,反映出其中自有力量的運作,生產總是受到界定,就像莎士比亞的戲劇,提太斯的任性,必有唐摩拉的抵制。可是,除掉限制始終是德勒茲論差異的中心思想。必要條件是:限制本身具有再生產的一面。經驗必須受到決定跟界定,相同的動作卻也使新的力量跟材料於焉誕生。

 

     Michel Foucault’s essay A Preface to Transgression elaborates transgression as an operation remindful of Deleuze’s difference, but with the accent on the false negative, on the limiting aspects of untainted production. Like Deleuze, Foucault renders Socrates and Hegel obsolete by envisioning generation on a localized and entirely positive field. Foucault stipulates more forcefully than Deleuze, however, that limits are projected, not imposed.

 

    傅柯的論文「逾越的序文」詳述逾越為一種運作,讓人想起德勒茲論差異,但是傅柯強調虛假的負面,以及未受污染的生產的受限制面。像德勒茲,傅柯擬想生產有其地區性及完全正面的領域,使蘇格拉底及黑格爾望塵莫及。可是傅柯比德勒茲更強而有力地提出:限制是受到投射,而非受到強制。

 

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