Soft Matter:The Valorization of Mud 03

Soft Matter : The Valorization of Mud 03

軟泥:泥巴的穩定

From Earth and Reveries of Will

泥土與意志的幻想

By Gaston Bachelard 巴舍拉

Translated by Springhero 雄伯

 

    It suffices to go back only a century to discover texts still more pronounced. According to Daniel Duncan, for instance: “ It is said that a species of wild bull, known as Bonasus, spurts a stream of excrement as hot as fire back at the hunter who pursues it, and the heron releases in the direction of the sparrowhawk which chases it droppings that burn and corrode its pursuer’s feathers.” This offensive action, after all, is not much different than that of the cruel Martichora, imagined by Flaubert to “ throw volleys of needle-sharp quills from its tail.” All such anal or caudal affronts derive their force from and are centered in the same zone of the unconscious.

    我們只要回溯到一世紀前,就可發現更為明顯的表達。例如,依照丹尼爾、鄧肯:「據說有一種名叫Bonasus的野牛會向追逐它的獵人,噴出一大堆熱得像火的糞便。蒼鷺會朝著追逐它的老鷹的方向,排放的糞便會燃燒及腐蝕追逐者的羽毛。」這種攻擊性的行為,畢竟跟殘酷的馬提舟拉鳥的做法沒有什麼兩樣,這種鳥是福祿貝爾想像出來,可以「從尾巴擲出像針一般尖銳的刺彈」。所有這樣的肛門或尾部的面對,都是集中於無意識相同的地區得來力量。

 

    This is not the place to discuss the ultimate meaning of excrement, which is but a particular manifestation of feat. But it is interesting, at least from the point of view of the imagination, that Buffon had no doubt of its meaning. We encounter the same simple insight in a similar remark in the work of William Henry Hudson. If psychologists spent more time exploring these lower reaches of the psyche they would better understand certain scatological aspects of human insults. But the psychology of the insult, the excremental etymology, the literature of “ dirty words,” would merit their own study. It suffices to indicate, in passing, their relationship to the psychology of matter.

   我在此並不是要討論糞便的終極意義是什麼,畢竟那只是技巧的特別展現而已。但是有趣的是,巴蜂對於它的意義深信不疑,至少從想像的觀點來說如此。我們在維廉、福德森的作品的類似說法,也遇到相同的簡明見識。假如心理學家花費更多時間來探索這些心理的低層領域,他們會更能了解人類污辱帶有某些糞便學的意味。但是這種污辱的心理學,排糞的詞源學,「髒話」文學,是值得我們研究的。現在,我們只需先提一下他們跟物質的心理學的關係就夠了。

 

   In addition, without descending to the level of the repressed unconscious, it nevertheless holds true that malleable matter of every kind is open to strange inversions of meaning which manifest the very unconscious activities I have been discussing. Here is a text in which a poet, Henri de Regnier, expresses the ambivalence of soft matter as it first attracts, then repels. This dialectic is played out with jellyfish according to their habitat, whether the waters of Greece or of Brittany. In Greece, de Regnier writes, “ jellyfish are found in the water, limp and half dissolved, like fragments of iridescent melting glass. They float flimsily like milky, pearly, liquid opals slipped from the necklace of Amphitrite. I have discovered them here, these jellyfish from the Gulf of Corinth, washed up on a little beach in Brittany…but no longer iridescent, no longer variable in color, their slimy mass washed of all its subtlety by the waves that have carried and abandoned them here upon the beach. Inert, foul, dull blue-green, they bring to mind the droppings of some fabulous undersea cattle. It is as if Neptune’s flock had left its nocturnal vestiges upon the shore.” From Amphitrite to Neptune: what a descent! How well one senses what de Regnier has left unsaid! That, underneath each opal jellyfish, intact as a pearl, on a dreary morning, you’ll always find a “ slimy” mass a  “ filthy” paste.

 

   除外,即使沒有降低到被壓抑的無意識的層次,每一種可塑物質會承受意義的逆轉,顯示我所討論的無意識活動,仍然是可以自圓其說。詩人雷格尼有一篇文章表達軟體物質起初吸引,後來排斥的矛盾。水母的表現方式,依照他們的棲息處是在希臘或布列塔尼的水域有所不同。在希臘,雷格尼寫到;「水母在水中被找到,跛行而奄奄一息,像是虹彩融化玻璃的碎片。他們脆弱地飄浮,像是乳狀,珍珠狀的液體珍珠,從安菲特萊女皇的項鍊垂落。我在此發現他們,這些柯林斯海灣過來的水母,被沖刷到布列塔尼的海灘,但是不再有虹彩,不再顏色繽紛,他們黏滑的物質被海浪沖刷掉所有的細緻,當他們被海浪帶來並委棄在這裡的海灘上。他們現在奄奄一息,骯髒,呈沉鬱深綠色,讓人想到傳說中的海底怪物的糞便。好像海神的族群已經離開它夜間的活動範圍,前來海岸。」從安菲特拉女皇到海神,下降得可真快!我們可深切地體會到雷格尼的言外之意:在海底每個乳白水母,完美如珍珠。在可怕的早晨,你將會發現是「黏滑」物體,是「骯髒」漿糊。

 

P83—p85

From Earth and Reveries of Will 泥土與意志的幻想

By Gaston Bachelard 巴舍拉

Translated by Springhero 雄伯

https://springhero.wordpress.com

32hsiung@pchome.com.tw

   

  

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