Soft Matter: TheValorization of Mud 01

Soft matterThe Valorization of Mud  01

軟泥:泥巴的穩定

From Earth and Reveries of Will 泥土與意志的幻想

By Gaston Bachelard 巴舍拉

Translated by Springhero 雄伯

 

                            My soul has been kneaded together out of melancholy, kindness and mud.

                            我的靈魂以憂鬱,仁慈跟泥巴揉搓

                                Vasilii Vaasil’ Evich Rozanow,

                                             Esseulement

                            

                            Mud is no pillow. 泥巴不是枕頭。

                                     Raymond Queneau

 

    Now that I have introduced reveries of hardness and earthen matter in their ideal states, the time has come to consider images heavier or more brutal than these, images which have no connection with happiness and skillful strength. Certain types of psychological disorders express their maladies in the very style of their images. Naturally, psychoanalysis has encountered these defects of the imagination in, for example, a regressive affinity for filth. One finds abundant documentation of this phenomenon in Kard Abraham’s detailed study of anal fixation. I would like to limit my consideration of this problem to instances involving somewhat more sophisticated imaginings in an attempt to show that the healthy imagination is a progression of images which triumphs over all “ fixation.”

   既然我已經介紹過堅硬跟泥土在理想狀態的幻想,現在該是討論比他們更沉重更殘暴的意象。這些意象跟快樂及靈巧的力量沒有關聯。某些種類的心理的疾病會以自己特有的意象表達病徵。當然,精神分析學曾碰見過這些想像的病況,例如,一種退化的喜愛骯髒。我們在卡德、阿伯拉罕對於肛門偏好的詳細研究中,找到這種現象的豐富文件。我想要限制我的問題討論在一些會牽涉到更複雜意象例子,這樣我才能顯示,健康的想像是意象戰勝所有「偏好」的進步。

 

   Moreover, if one were to systematize the work of psychoanalysis in normative psychology, it would no longer appear to involve merely the study of regressive instincts. It is too easily forgotten that psychoanalysis is a method of healing, of psychological improvement, of turning things around. With regard to the very narrowly defined subject of this chapter, psychoanalysis proposes a veritable material sublimation, a progressive solidification in the materials offered to the human imagination.

   而且,假如我們想要以規範心理學的方式,將精神分析學的工作系統化,所要牽涉到的將不僅僅是退化本能的研究。我們不要忘記,精神分析學是一種治療,心理改進及恢復健康的方法。就這一章範圍較狹窄的主題而言,精神分析學建議的是一種實質上是物質的昇華,一種進步的物質團結給人類的想像。

 

   In fact, in the treatment of certain neuroses, psychoanalysis has encountered the inverse of this material sublimation; an alchemist would declare that clinical practice presents certain cases of the descension of material images. If we now pay attention to the normalization of images, conjoined with abnormal fixations, we are led to distinguish between a kind of catapsychoanalysis and an anapsycho- analysis; the first designating all the observations so necessary to the disclosure of anal fixations; the second, more relevant to our field of study, offers more objective perspectives, redirecting attention toward the materials of the external world.

   事實上,在治療某些精神病患時,精神分析師曾碰見過這種物質昇華的逆轉。煉金術師就常宣稱,診所的實務可以提供物質意象上昇的病例。假如我們現在注意到意象跟異常偏好聯合的正常化,我們就能夠區別肛門異常心理分析跟肛門偏好心理分析。前者是對於肛門偏好異常現象做所需的觀察,後者則跟我們現在研究的領域有關,偏重客體的面貌,將注意力帶回到外在世界的物質。

 

   In any case, psychologists must take a cautious approach to the primordial nature of the plastic instinct. It would be interesting, for example, to weigh the unconscious elements that underlie Hegelian theory. Hegel studied the plastic instinct in relation to the digestive process and wrote: “ the nisus formatives resembles excretion inasmuch as it represents a process of self-externatlization…The animal excretes in order to create form out of its own substance. It doe so not out of a sense of loathing for, or a desire to be rid of, its excrement, but to fashion them a means of satisfying its own needs.” A little metaphysics separates us from nature, but a lot of metaphysics bring us closer.

  無論如何,心理學家對於可塑性本能的原始特性,必須小心翼翼地從事。例如,衡量無意識作為黑格爾理論的基礎,是件很有趣的事。黑格爾研究可塑性本能跟消化過程的關係,寫到:「努力寫作類似排泄,因為它代表自我具體化的過程。動物排泄為了要用自己的物質創造形式。它不是由於厭惡之感或是渴望排除自己的糞便,而是渴望塑造它們成為滿足自己需求的工具。些微形上學使我們跟自然隔離,但是多些形上學,卻能使我們跟自然更靠近。」

 

P80—p81

From Earth and Reveries of Will 泥土與意志的幻想

By Gaston Bachelard 巴舍拉

Translated by Springhero 雄伯

https://springhero.wordpress.com

32hsing@pchome.com.tw

 

   

   

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s


%d bloggers like this: