The Anti-Oedipus Papers 06

Ant-Oedipus 05

By Felix Guantarri 瓜達里

Translated by Springhero 雄伯

 

Of the Sign, with an Interlude on Faust

符號,浮士德的插曲

 

“ For any sign to have a linguistic existence, it must be an element in a series; it is not defined as such by this property, but by the semantic or phonic difference repeated in its series.”

要讓符號有語言的存在,系列必須要有一個元素;符號不是由這個屬性本身所定義,而是由語意或語音的差異在系列中重復。

 

   In my mind, the work of constituting a series proceeds from the “ syntagmatico-paradigmatic” perversion ( neurosis-perversion) that makes the sign function like a signifier.

   我認為組成一系列的運作展開,是從「語段到詞形變化」的變態(有如神經病變態),使符號充當符號具行使功能。

 

   I think it’s with Hjelmslev, maybe Peirce—but where is his writing! —on the one hand, and on the other with the founders of axiomatic theory, that we can find the key to “ clearing” out…structuralism.

   我想一方面是奇姆列夫或皮爾斯如此說,另一方面在公理理論的創建者那裡,我們亦可找到解決的關鍵:結構主義。

 

   If I’m not mistaken, Hjemslev considers the chain effect, linearity, discursivity, to be secondary. For him, a unit is phonematic as much as it is semantic and beyond.

   假如我說得沒錯,奇姆列夫認為鎖鏈效應,直線性,擴散性,都是次要的。他認為,一個單位是語音,同樣也是語意及超越。

 

   What matter is the axiomatics of a language. One axiom more or less and everything changes. So, no primacy of one order over another one, one series over another, no Saussurian or Martinetian dualism…( We have provisionally to verify all this!)

   重要是語言的公理。多或少一個公理,情況就改變。所以,沒有一個順序優先於另一個順序,或一個系列優先於另一個系列,沒有索緒爾或馬提內辛的雙重性(我們暫時先這樣證明)。

 

  

   What is the work of the constitution of these series? Isn’t it at the basis of the work of anti-production?

   是什麼在運作這些系列的組成?它難道不是處於反生產運作基礎?

 

   The displaced represented ( in the operation of the representation of alliances and the repression of the representative of machinic filiation); the displaced represented, in its displacement, creates a serialization effect.

    被替代的表徵(聯盟表徵的運作,跟機械化的聯盟中,表徵的運作),被替代的表徵,在替代時,創造一系列效應。

  

    Whereas before, in a system without writing, the urstaat was offscreen, and the sign polyvocal, playing synchronically on all connective registers at once, now there is bivocality.

    雖然以前,在沒有寫作的系統裡,真實是隱而不見,符號是多重聲音,同時而瞬間地從事各種連結,現在則是雙重聲音。

 

   What is expressed (“ displaced,” transferred ) depends on its exclusive relation to the machine: repressive-representation, repressed-representative ( speech’s “ meaning effects” depend on the signification brickwork of language. The semantic field is “ contextualized” through its subjectification to the “ diacriticism” of the semiological plane).

   所被表達的(被替代的轉移)依靠它跟機器的專斷關係:壓制的表徵,被壓制的表徵(言談的「意義效應」依靠語言的符號結構。語意的領域「共同本文化」經由語言水平「跨越批評」的主觀化。)

 

   “ You will have it go through my grid.” “ You will have it go through my Oedipus, my Capital, my State…” Double articulation is correlative to the establishment of the Urstaat inasmuch as this “ class despotism device” imposes, via suppression:

    「你將經歷我的格式」「你將經歷我的伊底普斯,我的首都,我的國度,等等。」雙重表達跟真實的建立是相互關係,因為「階級暴政」是透過壓制建立。

 

   1. bivocality,

   2. seriality, linearity,

   3. the “ hollowing out” of the sign’s territoriality.”

   一:雙重單音

   二:系列,直線

   三:符號領土的空洞化

 

    Territoriality is now the hollow of the articularatory break ( we have to consider “ philosophies of the void” in relation to all this as perverse attempts to “ catch up with the process” : “ since there is a hollow, I will empty myself of all representation”” Zen & co…As if the desert weren’t already enough for paranoiacs: you also have to empty yourself of all representation).

    領土現在是表達斷裂的空洞化(我們必須考慮到「空無的哲學」,跟所有這些的關係,當著偏執的企圖要「迎頭趕上過程」:「既然是空無,那我就掏空一切符號」如禪宗的做法」。好像對於偏執狂,沙漠化還不夠,你還要空洞掉你所有的符號。)

 

    So there are at least three types of paranoiacs:

    —the paranoid classifier ( against a forested backdrop)

    __the pure desert hermit ( the city)

    —Hegel and Lacan’s Alcestis or the “ good soul’s internal desert, against a backdrop of decoded flow.

    所以至少有三種偏執狂:

    分類偏執狂(背景是森林)

    純粹沙漠隱士(大隱隱於市)

    黑格爾跟拉崗的阿西提思公主,或善良靈魂的內在沙漠,背景是符碼解譯的流動。

 

    The sign doesn’t couple at leisure in polyvocality anymore. Its space is connected . The sign’s sexuality, the sign as sexuality , as a pure process of code surplus value, is repressed ( all this to make you happy! Or I hope so).

    符號不再以多重聲音隨意加倍。它的空間是連結的。符號的性,符號作為性,作為符碼的剩餘價值,是被壓制(一切都是為了使你快樂,或我希望如此)。

 

    You have to put some of it through the repressive alliance of representation that, as you say, is extensive in that it displaces something, it produces a serial effect and opens a narrow field of contextual “ meaning effect.” Filiation is internalized, its territoriality melts away—and you have a passage to the void.

     你必須透過表徵的壓制聯盟來實行。如你所說,壓制無所不在,它替代了一些東西,它產生系列效應,並展開了共同文本的「意義效應」的狹窄領域。關係被內化,它的領土瓦解,你通往空無。

 

P40—41

Anti-Oedipus by Felix Guattari 瓜達里

Translated by Springhero 雄伯

https://springhero.wordpress.com

32hsiung@pchome.com.tw

  

  

     

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